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Im up for whatever. Your pic gets mine. I have 2 boys 9 and 7. Did you not understand the title? CL is a place for us to write things down and put them out there in the universe so we can sleep. Which is why I'm awake again, writing this down, so I can go back to sleep. But hey, thanks for putting this all into perspective for me.
Here's your random string, but we don't know each other. You didn't get an email from me because this wasn't intended for you. Gonna have to build me one of those come January. Wilkes-Barre Albert Lea girls for sex my stories do not suck. I wanted sex, but really did not feel like fucking but as LHVAE strips, and I his blond t-patterned hairy chest and blond hairy butt, I reconsider. Things started to go south. Me doing pushups in his mouth, he on his knees, me sitting, etc.
Felt like an over directed porn shoot. It got to the point I was going to fuck him after all. I went into the bathroom to get my condoms and………. He has condoms there. I tell him no. We begin again and very I want to fuck him as much as he wants to get fucked.
I am deliriously horny! We begin the walk to his clinic I know. Once again we begin and when it comes time he starts to direct again. Finally my wore out. The combination of alcohol, fatigue from the time change, slight anger, and feeling his ass clench my cock as he came, caused me to have one the most intense orgasms horny couples in Warwick Rhode Island hey there, just wanted to say hi and concur with sobergal. I'm new to this forum, but have also been through some crazy-making people, and wow this person sounds like a crazy-maker.
I might be jumping to conclusions based on my own experience, but.. Hmm, well, i this post hasn't been one big exercise in projection if it doesn't apply to your situation, maybe it help someone out there on the interwebs? I enjoy the companionship, dinners, drinks, sex, etc. I always warn of not wanting a relationship before hand, but I inevitably find a girl that wants more after a couple months. Yellow Pine hot mom pussy in arkansas Just want to hang out to see what happens w4m Very hot tan Cougar in need of more youthful cubs qualified to match my own desire.
Have to be able to bang the hell out of me, soon.. Be available as soon as possible, and ready to perform safely.. Just be smart enough to make use of complete phrases and also spell the right way.
Photos are desired, but produce a product much better than a photo with you looking at the bathroom mirror! Just a little creativity goes a long way, plus I am very ingenious.. Brooks Minnesota homeless bitch dating com horny and feeling spontaneous later long lunch let me sniff and lick your booty Looking for a woman that likes having her bottom adored. I want to massage it I want to sniff it. I want to lick it. If this is you, change subject to "lick mine" to avoid spam.
This offer is for women of any age be they or old. This offer is for women of any race. This offer is for women of any size. Let's do this soon because i am hungry to eat some ass. I heard music so I looked over, you smiled and waved.
So I waved back. Reply if you're interested in chatting. Horny ladys seeking good looking women. Leaving the bar and need a quicky? Long shot here but looking for a nice 40 something Looking for a hot tattooed man.
Lookin for someone to spend time with. Parry; how good was Florida State? Vers Boi in hotel looking for top etcthis week. The Hoyas — — claimed 4 th I'm visiting and need company. I accidentally posted this in "Men Seeking Men" the first time. I'm no chicken myself, so I can't throw stones. What do YOU look like? I'm wanting to start dating again, and was wondering if anybody would be interested in meeting and just seeing what happens, be that friendship or more.
I just turned 21, don't smoke and dont really drink. I dont mind if you drink, just so long as its not a problem. I have no ren would prefer that you didnt either though do want some someday. Im currently a student and I also work. I like to crack lame jokes and sometimes I can be a little on the sarcastic side.
I love laughter and color. I work out on a regular occasion, but by no means do I have the perfect body. Im not grotesque or anything, and I am proportionate to my height, but I have excess weight to lose. I have good hygiene, and no weird peircings or tattoos. Your picture gets mine. Let me know if you are interested. Hope to hear from you soon! Graduating senior with a month to burn..
Long story short, I'm a graduating senior this may wooohoooo!! Not really looking for anything heavy since I'll be moving away soon but I'm also not looking for anything too casual. It'd be great if an 'eager' youngin was up for some 'lessons' from a seasoned vet such as myself. I won't lie all them leggings worn by all these freshies has me curious as to how their young tenderloins taste like although I also enjoy the 'aged wine' variety. I have a large collection of movies on an external, I sip, live solo, lay good pipe, and on top of that I'm a pretty good cook..
Plus if you have a juicebox, I'd love for you to cause some major water damage to my apt, with my help ofcourse No flakes, no fakes, and PLEASE no whales Creativity will get you my attention and pics are an added bonus th Lonely husband seek lonely wife twin. SSBBW here seeking to hang out. Looking for something tomorrow between 12 and 4. I am a 48 year old successful , stocky , nice looking white male just hoping to find that right woman for me.
You will find me very easy going , drama free and love to live life to the fullest. I know how to treat a woman and make her feel special. I am truly looking for a real relationship and not into playing.
Since I am not into the bar scene, trying to meet the right woman can be tough so I thought I would give this venue a try. I am most attracted to thin or athletic woman that are non smokers.
I have been divorced for years now so its time to find that special someone to share my great life with. If you are reading this and think we might click, please me and attach your. Hopefully I will hear from you. Older horney wanting hot naked men th Single lonely searching married wanting sex th Mature women looking for casual affair.
Michigan State placed 4 th Phone Play Hi there. I'm an open minded Single White Male looking for a semi- regular phone sex partner for fun, safe, and sexy experiences. I have a deep voice that has been described as sexy. I can verify my voice if you need. I love to talk dirty and let my freak fly, I only have a few limits on what I won't do.
What I would like is to tell you how I want you to play with your self for me. How to play with your nipples, how to use your toys and fingers to make you moan and groan.
I want to make your hungry little pussy ache to be filled with my hard, thick cock throbbing inside you. Deep, slow, strokes until they're pounding inside you until I tell you to cum for me as I shoot a huge load screaming your name. I want to stroke my cock while you listen to me tell you some of my sexiest fantasies that always make me cum hard.
I don't really know how to overcome the situation, it's always there slapping you in the face. For me, I just have to remember it's the cancer talking and it's not really her. I have to remember that there are good happy things outside of this chaos. Extra ticket 40 yr old SWM! I've got an extra ticket to the Bryan concert on 25!
Would like to find somebody to go with me! No money needed for the ticket! Would like to go to dinner and have a few drinks then enjoy the concert! If interested just let me know! Bottom virgin I'm a virgin. And I'm looking to change that. Looking for a guy to me up, fuck me, and then we maybe hang out after. If the sex is good then I'm definitely going to wanna do it more and more. I'm looking for someone to talk to ASAP and fuck too. So fast responses preferred! And I'm willing to text as long as you seem cool.
Nice day out w4m Nice day out too bad i'm working but what's everyones plans for tonight? Looking to get together possibly.
Must be local and very discreet.. Loves to worship a female behind with mouth and hot tongue. Must be able to host. Scottsdale for the weekend looking Looking for in the scottsdale area. Not looking for sex. Stating at a local resort. You see, doesn't let you repost an active ad for a week or so, so when you me, I just repost, and now my ad is right back at the top of the list.
All other replies will be deleted without ever being read. I am an average looking man. On the lbs and 5'10" and I like to envelope a small girl in my arms, so the physiy smaller you are, the better.
You need to have a nice and tight pussy that tastes nice You would think you don't need to specify personal hygiene, but I have discovered through personal experience that you do.
Your race is totally unimportant, but I do fantasize about being with the darkest blackest woman alive. My last 3 girl friends were all black, not because I was searching for a black woman specifiy, they just all turned out to be. I don't know what race my sexual soul mate will be, and I don't care either, so no matter what race you are, write me! As far as your age goes, 18 to 50 is fine, but I am mostly searching for a woman in the 18 to 24 age group because the older a woman is, the deeper her roots go, and the less likely she is to want to move to be with me.
Most 18 to 24 year olds are still living at home with mom and dad, and are eager to leave, but most don't have jobs paying them enough for them to live alone. I would prefer 30's to 40's but it's very hard to find older women who will actually move to be with me.
A would be especially welcome, but you do have to be very mature for your age, and have a brain in your head. I would prefer a staunch conservative who understands that never works, ever. I have only ever been with liberals, and they drive me crazy. This time around, I'm looking for sanity in the political arena, and insanely into cock sucking in the bedroom!
I am 52, so you must be looking for a much older man to make love to many times every day. If you closely fit the above description, and are totally into my entire absolute must list, and want to nymphatiy worship my cock 24x7, then write me, and we'll exchange a few at most, move to the and begin having sex, then meet in person.
This will happen very quickly, or not at all I have no for mind fuckers or anybody who isn't serious about being in a dedicated committed oral cock worship relationship. YesBrowneyes Sure do miss your instructions I'm sooooo thirsty for your nectar I'd love to see you again, drink your hot piss, and worship your sweet ass When I was in my teens and 20's I would suck myself after a workout or run.
Then from there I just kepted it up until I got a good half of it in my mouth. Got to the point where I could over and get the head. I am only like 6" so I would imagine guys with longer dicks really enjoying it.
Damn that was fun. Great time to end a great night. I'm looking for some NSA fun. I'm a 24 yr old military man. In need of some with smile I am tired of working and coming home I want to go out and have some fun..
I am 5'9 hispanic male with black hair, ath eyes and athletic body, Il ike to work out and go to the movies lot.. Plz do not reply to this AD if u are the type that not like to smile and grat sense of humor It has been a while since I have had adult time. If u wanna go out and enjoy the night email me a pic or I will delete ur email right away.
Please attractive as I am also. I gert off work at 6pm and will be rdy to go out. If ur a nice person and wanting some fun email me.. I am a small town girl looking to meet new people. I am an adreneline junkie. I love to watch football Eagles and the Patriots are my teams , basketball San Antonio Spurs , and stock car races in person, not on t. I like to go to the bars once in a while and dancing with my best friend is a blast. I am honest and reliable, but I am pretty opinionated a lot of the time, but I can compromise on most things.
I have a bit of a wild side to me too. I can't live without music. I love it all!! Our is not a national and neither is she. Both my boy and girl, physical exams and conversations with therapists and CPS proved nothing ever happen, She also claims I her, funny thing is she left me times and came back and there was never a report or claim of, I am sure someone put it in her head that if she said those things she would get her green card anyway.
I am not a fool she married me for the card,. Vents her sexual frustration and anger at every male in the workplace. Perpetually unhappy because someone told her she had a vagina and therefore could never be exactly like a.
Does everything to bring men down. Prefers to live with cats. No, no I have never been ed this. Some evil fiend hacked my and account and sent everyone I've ever emailed a message saying I've been robbed at gunpoint and please send me money. I am not in england, I'm fine, please delete the message titled "bad news".
Looking for birthday fun m4t m4mw m4t Looking for some fun on my birthday tonight. I have never been with a guy or but have always wanted to try. Im 19 with about a 5" cock. I can not host but can travel. I am Just looking to have a day I will always remember.
Dollar Pints w4m Just looking to hang out for a couple of hours and have a few laughs. I listen well so if you need to vent I'll listen.
I'm also pretty alright at making light of just about any situation so I'm sure you're going to laugh it off in the end I don't really have much money, but I'll host in compensation for a few drinks, laughs, and silly company, if that would make up for it lol I like being silly and I talk a lot.
Music and sports are important to me and I could probably talk about that forever if you let me, so if you're a LAKERS fan, then you'd better have a good sense of humor. Everyone likes music at least a little bit, right? If you like people watching not in a creepy way we will get along great lol Please send a picture of your face with your first email. All nudes will NOT be responded to as well as emails with no picture, I'll send one back afterward. No light weights please. If you don't like being around people and are awkward in social situations, then please let me know in your email.
What I'd like ideally is someone who is not afraid to live in the moment, have fun, and enjoy new experiences. Beyond all I am looking for a partner, not someone to support or support me. Have your stuff together, try not to bring suitcases of drama with you I understand ALL people come with some sort of baggage let's be realistic, but it has to be manageable , and a desire to be independent and ambitious.
I like other peoples' kids. I am okay with other peoples' kids. But I'm not sure I will want to have any more of my own and in no way do I want to replace "daddy". I really would prefer that you like or have kids. That makes understanding being a parent so much easier. Schedules can get crazy and priorities can change; you can't always be 1. So having a real mutual understanding really helps there. I don't like rail skinny or overly tanned women, I do not like high maintenance women either.
If I spoil it's because I want to not because I need to. I really like cuddling, being romantic just because and sending "I'm thinking of you right now" emails and texts. So with that in mind be passionate, affectionate, have a good sense of self and lastly a healthy sex drive would certainly be nice too that last one is a joke, well.. Sound too good to be true?
I really do exist, I live in Mesa, and I'm more than happy to prove it to you. At the very worst you may make a new friend even if it doesn't go anywhere else. Is the trust really so hard to find??? Im 26 getting divorced and tired of being reminded of the past and i need someone to help me see the light Im at the point in my life where i have for bull shit im ready to find my real forever!
Any female students care to text new friend? I used to go to down there Hoping to make a new texting friend and see how life as a student may have changed since I lived in happy valley. Platonic, but good looking single guy here so any topic on the table, but mostly interested in student life.
Eight 1 6 3 two eight 1seven. I will be in southern mar 6 to the 9. Also looking to have dinner and drinks in pinehurst. Thanks for reading the post. S me regularly and do B. ASk me what they mean if your interested. You'll be extremely happy and satisfied with me and all you have to do is spend about 3 hours a week on me, doing a simple and easy exersize.
It doesn't cost you anything, most of the time wont take long. I promise you'll be happy with your life. You dont have to be too young or to skinny or that pretty. I dont mean to be mean but i do prefer women on the thin side.
Prefer not too much over 50 not younger than low 20's. Talk to me Thank you. Perhaps instead of top posting when you select compose new thread you should observe for awhile and get a feel for the forum.
Read existing threads and contribute as you find posts on which you want to comment. A quick primer on forum etiquette, this might help avoid making a misstep. Mama Newly's tips for newbies, lol. Top posts are for questions that don't already have a thread and new topics. Say hello and goodby in an existing thread or hijack a spam thread. E-mailing someone without first asking permission is frowned upon. Pictures people want to share are posted.
It is considered bad form to ask for more. Yes people do exchange pics, but it's after establishing a relationship first. Yes regulars flirt all the time, but they've already established friendships with each other, It's a lot more creepy from someone you don't know. You not be into it, but respect their right to be. It's everyone's duty to the spam. Other than that, just generally be respectful. Like most places, that get you far. Welcome to the fo. I know what guys want ebony bbw..
Very confident in my skills not bragging just very confident. Looking to meet asap im not hosting because I have a house full of nosey roommates but oh well. Some churches do immerse in font but cover the mouth nose for common sense.
Most are sprinkled with water from the font poured on their head. The font cover is set aside for baptismal services. Perhaps some of the older churches leave water in the font and it was to prevent from climbing in and not being able to get out? We have a stainless steel bowl that sits in the marble font I empty it after every baptism. Cover really just seems decorative. I like to please a woman orally until she can't take anymore.
Until she cums several times, squirms around on the bed, grabs at the sheets and trembles all over. Then we take care of me, and if your up for it we can shower and start again. Please reply with a pic, although age and race are not as important as cleanliness. Did you get a wristband to ride all night. I live alone in Owasso, easy to find location. What are you waiting for? Take a chance and have a night of fun.
Love to spoil any woman I am with but don't like drama. Prefer asian, white, or latino women. Please include a with any response and place the word "part time" in the subject line so I know you are not spam. Well, I suppose guys can respond also. LOL For sake of brevity, lets just say I found this porn site recently.
Its ed It doesn't "specialize" in any specific porn, in fact, one of things that fascinates me about the site is the broad range of pictures videos depicting so types of kinks fetishes. Anyway as I have been going there, I have found myself watching more and more male porn clips and pics. Especially images and scenes where one is being "dominated" or is submitting to another guy. Something about a submitting sexually to another is a turn on for me. Any other women feel the same way??
I just want to be accepted for me. No ridicule, no judgement, just take me as I am at face value. I have lots of flaws, we All do. It's still early in the night, but you give me a bemused smile telling me that we're just starting too. You lift my with two fingers so that our eyes meet for the first time tonight. I want so much to be Your good girl always. You better get busy little one," is all that you say to me.
The bemused smile still spilling from your lips. You know that I would nothing more than to please you. Immediately I begin to set out the toys just the way you like them, all the floggers next to each other, the canes nearby. I quickly undress and present myself to you. Rising from your chair you hesitate to inspect the scene before you: The toys splayed out neatly so that you can reach them. Again you tilt my head upwards by the and speak to me.
What a good girl you really are. Moving as one, he loops a finger into the ring on my collar and I rise and press myself against the standing rack. My hands to to the top corners and my feet automatiy splay out. Carefully, lovingly you tie me down, making sure to rub me at the same time. I relax at your touch, and relax into the restraints. I find such freedom in the rope, and rejoice in the revelation.
You do all sorts of things to me, the things I, the things I hate. The things that make me drip, and the things that make me you even more. After I come down, we snuggle and I feel so connected to you, I never want it to end.
Where do I end and you begin? I'm fun loving goofy guy. Reply with ur name and a number to make this happen. I'm real and do have that will be sent when I receive one When did in the box show up??? You are bangin this boy with very little sexual experience. Right now you are for the day. Someday he wake up and realize that the old wringley woman heading into menapause is not what he wants.
You my dear, even though he want the today, tomorrow is another thing. You need to act like a grown up and think 10 yrs down the road and not trap him into a. Feel free to fuck him for as as you like but your age difference is the problem. AND, BitchKitty pissed on my bed yesterday again. It was written between and but not published until. Stein tried to translate in it Cubism's abstraction and disruption of perspective into a prose form and present an or an experience from every simultaneously.
The effect was reinforced by minimal use of punctuation-" if writing should go on what had colons and semi-colons to do with it, what had commas to do with it" from 'Poetry and Grammar',in Lectures in,. As a result,her sentences grew longer and longer. Automatic writing,a technique favored by the Dadaists and Surrealists,also inspired her. I've only tried to read one of her books "Blood On The Dining Room Floor" which was her only attempt at a mystery story.
I couldn't get beyond 2 because of her writing style. Looking for someone who is fun and adventurous. I know a few good places where this could be done..
If I were a writer for that show, I'd make up a "looner fetish," and I'd be sure to write a Wiki entry for curious viewers. Perhaps start a FB group then have a good laugh with my buds as it sweeps the nation!
I am married so need to be very discreet.. Colder than a witches tit though. How are withches tits cold anyway? I've never understood it, but I keep saying it. I'm ready to migrate. Had my daughter for dinner tonight. They just talk, talk, talk this is when they start having friend problems.
I'm trying to teach her not to let them bother her be more independent. I tell her to "Stay away from the drama". Sometimes all the talking drives you nuts, but I just keep telling myself in a few years I'll be lucky to get two words out of her. Glad to hear your good news, It has to be a relief. Hello Any Real People Here.
Silly yet intelligent talk wanted. Women looking for sex Salem st Hey is this good for you ladies. I am over 50 have not met anyone that can meet my drive. So, short answer is you are meeting the wrong women. Not in age but just wrong. Glad to hear there are older men out there with sex drive.. Guess I have been meeting the wrong men! Hi, I would love to just have some drinks and laugh I'm attractive and funny and just want to go out tonight but I hate going out alone, maybe Gleason'ss or 's or Landmark ect.
You can be single or in a relations ship and just want to make a new friend. Please put Drinks in the subject line if serious I've been in printing working for the same company for over 29 years. I've had the good furtune of holding different positions over the years from running a printing press the 1st 10 years to admin positions.
Its sometimes a little tough to think outside the box when the world is open to endless possibilities. I don't know, maybe I'll try being a gigilo if my wife is ok with that.
Life is interesting and dating in today's world, makes life more perplexing. I love music and good company; perhaps, we can combine both.
For instance, I would love to go to some concerts and have someone groovy to go with. Also, road trips are fun, too. Instead of putting my life on here, just thought I would post something brief that may spark some interest.
I'm gainfully employed, educated, and very considerate of others. Here's an odd fact: I like Miracle Whip on sandwiches. Also, what music do you like?
Say what you mean and mean what you say! I was thinking a nice walk in the moonlight for tonight! Feel free to text me: Age is not a big factor. Oh, please be attractive and have a positive outlook. If you choose email, please put "Leather and Lace" in the subject line so I can weed out the spam. I'd say it was monumentally a great day. I am really sorry most of you are so stuck in what you listen to they fuzzy news been feeding wrong information for years now.
THat's why these people are pissed that is why they lost. I am not mean, I am telling y'all the truth. Freedom won, the pursuit of happiness won. Stay in good shape. On long island for couple weeks. Looking to chat, text, meet with female looking for daddy. Wana get out and play. Love t eat n play w. Looking for bj from female or fem ts.
NOT just a hook-up! Wanted all I can eat special. If I go to my local grocery store that I now need a membership card to get the sale prices and buy 1 item , I get a cash register receipt that is 20 inches. Yes, 20 inches or more.
I look like checking my list. It tells me the name, address, phone of the store and who my cashier was. The cost of my 1 item, tax, balance, change, how I paid for it, the time I paid for it and how much I saved!
Then there is the other print out of coupons, for things I don't want or use, which is about 3 feet. What happened to "Save the Trees"? I thought that was the reason I needed my own Recycle Bag or those plastic bags that tear as as you get out the front door. Ironiy, those plastic bags get blown by the wind and caught in those trees that we are so concerned about. The bags don't biodegrade, so what do we have to do? Go back to the store! So that we can recycle them and get some more. I wish that Carlin was still here.
He would have a field day with this one. He might say, "What's in Store for you"? Married woman weary of granny fuck buddies. I am a busy professional that doesn't have a lot of time to go out and search for the right woman, and obvioulsy if I'm 32 and single I haven't been looking in the right places anyway. Tonight though I am really just looking for a dinner date, and if we click.
Housewife whores North Charleston th big ol fatty? I did not get a good view, it has been hollowing here. Sustained 25 today, sustained 18 yesterday and I have 5 little newbies on a little Precison 23' with a little 5 hp engine. I qualify them tomorrow in pure snot 25knots sustained and blinding rain; that is weather forecast LOL th I am looking for a friend maybe more I am looking for a friend possibly more. I like the outdoors, , dinner, and just hanging out. I have a job, and my own car.
I am lbs brown hair and brown eyes. I just have a very schedule so I am currently just looking for a friend possibly if possible take it to the fwb level. I am looking for a woman with the same idea. Senior lonely search dating australia th Bbw dating in Ireland th Women seeking men to fuck Burton. Put Sunday Fun in the title if you're interested.
I will give you the attention in the bedroom that you are missing. I love to give oral, cuddle, kiss, just love sex. Can be NSA or if we hit it off, a we can do it more.
Must be very discreet ; I can host or come to you. Put "milf" in the subject of your email. Willing to meet in public discreet first for a drink and see if we hit it off. Not the kind of sex that involves the whole "Hey honey, I'm home" type of relationship.
But more the kind where it becomes "I like the way you make me feel and I'll do anything you want. I'd like to have a partner who can meet up with at least twice a week, but let's be honest, in the beginning I will want a chance to get a feel for your body, so if you are interested please share the following things with me if you send me a message.
First start with the basics, your age, height, weight and part of town you are in. Then let me know what kind of things you are looking for when replying to an ad here. And finish up with what time of the day works for you and if there are days that work better for you. If you add a picture, great! But if you don't in the first message and just send a one sentence message, save us both the time and move on.
I understand how some folks want to make sure they are talking to another person before swapping pictures, but do something to catch my interest other than "I wanna stick my dick inside you". If you go that route, please don't be disappointed if you don't get a reply. But if you can come up with a message to get my interest, you will be hearing back from me: Old sex park romance, One last shot. I'm lbs, heavier than I would like to be but now that I'm "happy" again, I'm looking forward to getting back into shape.
Brown hair and blue eyes. As I said before, connecting to someone intellectually is probably the most important thing to me although I am a sucker for dark hair too. Just be smart and interesting and hopefully we can chat soon. Please put something unique in the subject line so I know it's not some scam response.
Horney house wifes want adult sex dating th 2 am and thoughts of you my bad ass girl FOCO. Don't have a lot of time to go out and date. Looking for someone to get to know better, have some good times with, and if the shoe fits hook up from time to time. Don't really frown upon many things. I'm no but I am a good man through and through. Let us not forget that this feeling of mutual interest is making of these two peninsulas one commonwealth, not only in name but in fact — a State, one of the greatest in the sisterliood of states.
It is surely not expected of me that I speak at length of the history of this great enterprise, or in detail of its effect upon the industries of the State, the Nation, and the world, for that privilege is properly left to one who is as much a part of this great north country as the very rocks themselves; one who has been an important factor in its every develop- ment, and who because of his good works is as well known to us below the Straits as to you above.
I can thus refer to no other than Michigan's honored citizen, Peter White. Michigan deeply appreciates the interest which the national govern- ment, the people of our sister States and our friends across the border, have taken in these commemorative events, and 1 consider it especially fit- ting that the great English speaking nation of Europe should, through the representatives of the Canadian government, participate in this cele- bration, for it is to these two great English speaking nations, the one of the old world and the one of the new, working hand in hand, that the world must largely look for its standard of civilization through the cen- turies to come.
It becomes my delightful duty to welcome you one and all, to this spot which plays so important a part in the great business activities nf the world. A depot of the American Fur Company was there, and there was another at the Sault. I do not know which of the two was the more important.
The business of Mackinac Island dealt very largely with the skins of wild animals. I had a position in a mercantile establishment, which gave me leisure in winter to go to school. Edward Kanter, afterwards of Detroit, a very well-known man, was my employer, and I liked my place very much indeed. But with the coming of this particular spring there was a good deal of excitement in the air over an expedition overland to California, and another one which was being fitted out under Mr.
Robert Graveraet, to go to the so-called "iron mountains" of Lake Superior. The copper excitement began some time earlier, and there had been, as early as , some exploration and mining, not far from where Marquette now is, for silver lead. But now the iron excitement was some- thing new. It had been long known by the Indians and others that there was copper in the Lake Superior country, very accessible and very pure.
Just why the miners delayed so long in going after it is hard to say. But somehow the Mexican war — the first foreign difficulty in many a long year — and the discovery of gold in California seem to have operated to wake up adventurous spirits everywhere. Eighteen hundred forty nine was a great year for the American explorer. The '49er of Lake Superior has often clasped hands with the '49er of California, and indeed the men of one of these districts often sought the other extreme of the country to continue their work.
The late John H. Forster, of Portage Lake, was a California pioneer of ' Haring, collector of the port, that the iron mountain country was likely to af? Haring had always been very friendly in his attitude toward me, and his advice influenced me a great deal. Tt required a good deal of faith for Mr. Our trip up the lake and river from Mackinac to the Sauk was a tedious and difficult one.
We were in the old steamer Tecumseh. Mary's Rapids in It took us eight days to make the trip, as the ice was only just beginning to break up, and side wheelers always made poor work of ice.
A railroad in this country had never been thought of; indeed railroads were then in their infancy in the United States. Railroads in America are only! There were then only about 1, people in the whole northern peninsula — perhaps a thousand if we leave out the settlements ni Mackinac Straits. I have no means of knowing how many Indians then- were. They were migratory in their habits, ranging tar and wide in search of game, fish and furs.
There were of course a few Indian trails, but none of them led to the iron mountains of Lake Superior. The water route, I might say, the ice-water route, was all there was lor us. The trip on the St. Mary's river, with all its remarkable beauty, is, of course, entirely familiar to all present. But beautiful as the river now is, it has changed immensely both for the better and for the worse since I first saw it. It has changed for the better, since it seems that the world was created for man, and man has now subdued, changed and possessed this stream for his residence, his solace, his recreation and his commerce.
This was before the days of lights, dredges, buoys, ranges and channel improve- ments. I doubt if a draught of over 10 or 12 feet could have been success- fully brought up to the foot of the rapids at that day. The river has also changed for the worse, as its perfectly wooded banks were then absolutely unspoiled by the axe or devastating fire.
The forest was unbroken, enormous, beautiful in the extreme. The river was leaping with fish, and the woods full of deer, bear and small game.
The beaver were everywhere. I do not remember all the stops we made, but the Sailor's Encampment was one of them. When we reached the Sault we found also a place very few here would recognize, though, many old landmarks persisted here not many years ago. The Rapids were the same as to the central fall, but the canals, and buildings have very much altered the appearance of things, and the Hay Lake cut, especially down by the Little Rapids, almost more than all.
There were few wharves and almost no shipping. My recollection on the Canadian side is that only five or six small buildings made any show on the river. On the American side was old Fort Brady, by the water's edge, a few houses on the river bank below it ; but the principal part of the town was above it.
There was one wide street starting from the Fort grounds, and several very narrow little streets running out of it, as in all French towns. There may have been people all told. Many were French, some were half breeds, some were Americans, some were the resident Indians. The first Jesuit explorers noted that the Sault Indians were not migratory like the others. Some stayed the year through, as fish could always be caught in the rapids, and it was a sort of neutral zone.
The houses were mostly small and low. I do not remember who the commander of the post was, unless it was Lieutenant Russell or Captain Clark.
The garrison could hardly number 50 men besides officers. I remember that there was a Baptist mission, presided over by a clergyman whom everyone called Father Bingham. I knew the family afterward quite well and nice people they were. His widow, an estimable lady, still lives in Grand Rapids. Sam Moody, one of our party, thought so much of Miss Bingham, that when he found a beautiful lake near Ishpeming, he called it Lake Angeline after her, and "thereby hangs a tale.
Therii were several stores at the Sault then, and we purchased here the outfit for our expedition. For our prospective voyage on Lake Superior we had a Mackinac boat between 35 and 40 feet long, which had to be hauled and poled up about a mile of rapids, near the shore. My recollection is that it took about three hours to get up past the swift water. Among those residing here then, with whom I became acquainted, was John Tallman Whiting, afterward of Detroit.
Here he had charge of the warehouse and dock belonging to Sheldon McKnight, a warehouse and vessel-man, who owned in his time many steamers, among which were the London, Baltimore, General Taylor, Illinois, Pewabic, and Meteor.
Whiting, a most intelli- gent and agreeable man, was long my correspondent and friend. Livingston, as Judge Abbot was at Mackinac. Gilbert was in the audience who listened to Mr.
Smith kept the Chippewa, bought the Van Anden also and kept it for many years. The Chippewa House, some of you remem- ber, was not the original. That building burned down.
Then Van Anden, who kept the Van Anden House, desiring to remove to Ontonagon to keep a new hotel there called "The Bigelow," sold out his hotel to Smith, who immediately rechristened it the Chippewa.
When we say there was no canal, we ought to add that there was then on the Canadian side of the Rapids a liliputian lock, where it may still be seen. It was said to belong to the Northwest Fur Company. It does not remind one of the present canal locks very much, but then Peter Cooper's locomotive with a barrel for a water tank doesn't look much like a modern mogul but it is the same thing nevertheless. The number of real vessels, not counting craft like our own, then sailing the waters of Lake Superior, was very small, and none of them measured over tons burden.
As they had not been built on the big lake, you may wonder how they got over there. They were hauled over on wooden ways, very much as houses are now moved, with rollers and windlasses. The Julia Palmer, a side wheeler, and the Independence and Monticello, both propellers, came over the portage that way. The Napoleon was first a sail vessel, but metamorphosed into a propeller. It was said that in a heavy sea she would dip water with her smoke pipe and thus put out the fires.
The side wheelers Sam Ward and Baltimore and propellers Manhattan, General Taylor, Peninsula and several more were brought over the portage in the same way. A Parisian, once a passenger on the Baltimore, when she was making very slow progress up the lake against a heavy head wind, walked out on deck just before dark, took a look at the Pictured Rocks and was much pleased with the view.
In the morning before breakfast, he again came out on deck and the panorama astonished him. Before you go to bed you walk on de deck. What big country you got and what big Picture Rock! Lake Superior was uncharted and only poorly lighted, and navigation was therefore quite as dangerous, or more so, for these steam craft of moderate power, as for our Mackinac boat. A merchant citizen of the Sault, named Peter B.
The stranger said to him, "I take it that you live in this place? Once I came down by lake, taking a steamer passage to reach here. On the second occasion I came down with Hon. Abner Sherman on land-office business. It took nine days. I wish I had time lo tell you incidents of the trip. Fording streams like the Au Train was very dangerous, and once came near costing me my life. Skirting the great Tahquamenon swamp was another heart-breaking task.
We would be in the water up to our waists for miles, but we lived through it nevertheless. Such were things before the canal was built. We hardly ever wore coats, but hickory shirts in summer and flannel shirts in winter. Very occasionally we had blanket coats with capote, but more usually if we were cold we put on more shirts.
Such a blanket was nearly as stiff as a board and was wonderfully warm. I do not remember whether the Indians were ever paid at the Sault, but 1 have seen 10, or 12, paid at one time at Mackinac, and the whole beach full of wigwams for miles. The inhabitants were very willing to have them with their attendant drawbacks, as it made trade.
But all the northwest furs came down this way by flotilla from Fort William. Before the canal the Lake Superior country was the land of romance, but was closed except to the limited traffic I have mentioned. But the commerce was both the key that opened it, and the result of the opening.
Enterprising as were the great French explorers, no trade, but the fur-trade was important in their eyes. It was to their interest, as they saw it, to keep the country wild, a fur-bearing country. The canoe and the bateaux were big enough for them. They never thought of displacing the Indians by large settlements.
But when the lumbermen, the miner and the heavy freighter came, the canal became a necessity. From our present standpoint the projectors would have been satisfied with small things. How would a lock feet long strike you now?
Yet such was actually planned, indeed actually determined upon by some persons in authority at a time not far from the achievement of statehood.
What surprise would now be felt to hear that the United States government ever opposed the canal! Yet soldiers from Fort Brady actually chased away the first laborers employed by the State to dig the canal, because they were trespassing and had entered on without permission a military reservation. The State and National authorities were at cross purposes for some time. In passing here is an item worthy of note: In a bill was introduced in Congress in accordance with a memorial from the Michigan Legislature asking for an appropriation of , acres of land to aid in building the canal; but Henry Clay, the famous orator and statesman, made a speech against the bill, saying, to quote his own language, "it is a work quite beyond the remotest settlement of the United States, if not in the moon," — and the meastlre was defeated.
And who would be supposed to be more alive to the uses of a canal, and more intent to see one built, sufficient for all future demands than the vessel-men? I have in my possession a copy of a letter by Capt. Ward, long acknowledged Grand Mogul of all vessel interests, the heaviest proprietor of lake shipping of his day.
In his letter he protested most vigorously, but fortunately in vain, against building the canal locks over feet long. The lock was actually made feet long, but would have allowed the passage of the longest vessel he then had, and he did not foresee the demand for anything bigger.
But what really dictated his letter was the fear that if a lock feet long were begun, it would never be finished. There was the vast land grant of course, but Captain Ward had so little faith in the value of the granted lands, that he estimated their selling value at only 25 cents an acre. He thought they would sell for enough to build a canal lock feet long, not one of feet.
The side-wheel steamer Illinois, the first steamer Captain Ward died, as it seemed to some of us, only a few yesterdays ago, and doubtless lived to change his mind. But with our present knowledge of the ores that liave been dug, the timber cut and the crops shipped from Lake Superior districts, his fears were as erroneous as his land valuation.
Two reflex influences are here to be noted. The canal made the ore trade, and then the ore trade made the canal. Without a canal ore could not be shipped at all. With a small shallow canal the finished product of the smelter seemed a more reasonable freight than the ore. But still the ore trade began, and the tonnage of all sorts speedily outstripped the capacity of the canal.
It was enlarged and enlarged again, so that a trade which employed at first vessels of two or three hundred tons burden, is now rapidly tending to be monopolized by carriers of 8, to In it was estimated that 30, tons of freight passed the canal.
In 1H81 the tonnage had grown to 1,, tons. In the enlarged locks carried 4,, tons. In the second enlargement with the canal open days, 25,, tons of freight were passed,— three times the commerce of the Suez canal, and six times that of Kiel.
My thesis is this: ITie opening of the Sault canal has been of the largest benefit to the whole United States of any single happening in its commercial or industrial history. Every State in the Union has benefitted by it. A long water-haul is so enormously cheaper than rail-haul, that the ability to ship large cargoes direct from Lake Superior ports, 1,S00 to 1, miles, or even across the seas, has transformed the United States and changed her position among the nations.
The grain of the northwest now finds an eastern or foreign market with surprising ease. Flour goes direct from Duluth to Liverpool. Many fields and millions of acres are now under plow in Dakota and the Canadian northwest, as the result of the canal. Bread is cheaper in Massa- chusetts than otherwise would he possible, and thus the canal helps the happiness of the laboring man.
The lumber of Michigan. Without this transport it would be impossible that the American people could be so comfortably housed, or that American timber could have been sold abroad for our national wealth and supremacy. The copper of Michigan is the purest in the world; it is usable for results not attempted with the product of other mines of other regions.
It is sold all over the world, after passing the canal. It carries the telegraph, the telephone, the electric railway everywhere. It is used in all the arts. The age of electricity is due to the canal. The iron of Michigan, the ores of unexampled purity have passed and are passing the canal. Before this movement began the iron industry of.
G lean Pennsylvania ores was having a fierce struggle for existence. The Lake Superior ores are rich enough and varied enough to mix with the Pennsylvania ores, and have saved the iron and steel industry of Penn- sylvania, and so in America. The iron industry is the key of the commercial supremacy of the world. Before the canal we were dependent on the British Isles.
Now we can undersell the world. The canal made Pittsburg the great city that it is today; it made cheap rails and railways possible; it made cheap tools, cheap wire, and has fenced the woodless prairies; it has made cheap nails and implements of alt kinds.
The American ironclad is the child of the canal. I Kitchener went to Khartoum with the freight of this canal. An Xnierican contractor set it up in three months.
Carnegie builds libraries and rewards heroic virtue with the fruits of a business impossible without the canal. The coal of the south returns by the canal to temper our winters and to drive our engines.
Population is the child of the canal; industry another; comfort another; education and philanthropy twins of the canal; agriculture, manufactures, transportation, world intercourse, commercial supremacy, and the world's acreage the offering of the canal.
King Iron used to reign from an English throne, now his throne is in America. We are now the great creditor nation, and as such have the greatest possible influence in the peace of the world. On the authority of a Bishop of the English church, I assert that the United States has now the greatest power for world-peace of any nation, or that any nation ever had. Our power is largely the result of this canal.
If any one knows of anything bigger in the history of civilization I should be glad to hear of it. What was the Colossus of Rhodes? What is the great Pyramid? Where are the hanging gardens of Babylon? The biggest thing on earth is known by its results, and the biggest thing is the Sault canal. But bigger than anything created is the creator; and larger than anything conceived of is the mind that conceived it. The first shovelful of dirt was taken out of it at my birth-place, at Rome, N.
Its completion was celebrated on a certain day. All the nations of the world were invited to participate in the celebration, and every nation that had a war vessel sent one with representatives to assist in the celebration, bringing all manner of gifts as offerings. One vessel brought barrels of water from the River Jordan which were poured into the canal at Albany to bless and prosper the wonderful great waterway.
In its use was made free. It makes a continuous water connection from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean, and yet, great as its benefits are, it cannot for one moment be compared to this canal, only a little over one mile in length. Let me give you a few figures to indicate how sensibly the world's production of iron and steel has been influenced since this canal v ame into being.
First of all I will give, for comparative purposes, the production of pig iron in the United States and Great Britain for some years prior to the construction of the canal. Let me now exhibit a statement trac- ing the rise and decline of the British pig iron industry and showing as well the constant ascendency of the United States in pig iron production, coincident with the annually increasing flow of Lake Superior ore through this canal.
The present year of is, however, expected to be the record-fcreaking year of all when more than 30,, tons of Lake Superior ore will come down the lakes, and when the furnaces of the United States will, according to the monthly rate of the present year, safely make more pig iron than Great Britain, Germany and France com- bined.
Great Britain's total production was in 19W. The Peter White Flag presented to the Makic. That shows the great advantage that this country has in the manu- facture of iron and steel since the entire steel making capacity of the United States Steel Corporation is exclusively from Lake Superior ores.
There are plenty more very interesting figures for us to contemplate, but I fear I will tire you and so forbear. The increased mileage in railroads in the United States since is astounding and worthy of comment, but time forbids. This great waterway is free to the British flag as to our own, as are all the canals of the U. They have set us an example of liberality of good will that we must always profit by, and be just as generous in return.
This vast land locked sea with all its tributaries is free, and its freedom means these infinite results, the greatest addition to freedom since freedom came. And we who have seen its development and have worked the for- ests and mines which have chiefly made its commerce, may pause in wonder that so few and so feeble a people living under so cold a sky should have been permitted to share so largely in changing the seat of empire, and enlarging the happiness of the world.
Who that celebrates this mighty triumph can forget the men who dreamed it and the men who made it? Governor Mason had it in his mind, but faikd to bring it to pass. A great thought is next in honor to a great deed. We have Charles T. Harvey, the builder of the first lock, with us today. General Weitzel, who built the first enlarged lock was the officer who took possession of captured Richmond. Poe, whose name adorns the largest lock, was famous on many a stricken field.
Both wrought them- selves as well as their names into these locks, and both were capable of more. If men, whose genius made these locks, and those whose interests and ability urged on, expanded, and used them were named together, it would prove that peace is greater than war, that commerce is the hand- maid of peace, and if the men of the twentieth century outstrip those of the nineteenth, who wrought this wonder, the race of giants must return. The event we commemorate is of mutual interest to the people of the two coun- tries.
Here, side by side, are three great locks — two constructed by the United States, and the other by the Dominion of Canada. Through them passes interchangeably the commerce of the two countries.
Here they will stand in close fellowship for cen- turies to come, discharging their important functions m the transportation of commerce. We trust that they will always be sym- bolical of the relations and neighborly regard of the two people through whose veins flows the blood of a common ancestry. We owe allegiance to diflferent institutions. Above us are different flags, emblems of the mightiest powers upon this earth.
We have no sense of rivalry except in those ways which make for a higher and better civil- ization. There are no fortifications along our common frontier; no battleships upon the waters which divide us. These are not needed now, and we trust that in God's providence they shall never be required. We are the re- specters of each other's institutions, of each other's laws, of each other's rights.
We are bound to each other by strong social ties and sentiments of mutual respect. Competition in trade is a vitalizing factor. Competition in commerce is not born of unfriendliness. It has its inspiration in selfishness, but it is in that just selfishness which has been the life of trade from its beginning until now.
One of our wisest and most just Americans, William McKin- ley, whose good name is the precious heritage of the human race, said at BuflFalo: If they be not it will be due to no unfriendliness of purpose, but to that sense of duty which each primarily owes to its own.
We look upon our commercial development, since this canal was dedi- cated to commerce, with the utmost satisfaction.
All sections of the coun- try have gone forward, expanding in commercial strength, but nowhere is there to be found more remarkable growth than we witness in the territory which is tributary to the St. The opening of this canal was the beginning of an era of tremendous growth. It has risen from an average of twelve thousand tons per annum in the first decade, to twenty-five mil- HoN. Last year more than sixteen thousand vessels passed through these locks, carrying more than twenty-one and one-half million tons of freight, valued at over three hundred and forty millions of dollars.
The maximum has not yet been reached. The cities which sit in majesty and power upon the shores of the Great Lakes are rapidly increas- ing in population and in commercial importance. The great agricultural regions are sending their vast surplus to keep millions in the east and beyond the Atlantic. The com- merce of the United States has increased beyond the dreams of the most optimistic of a half-century ago. Our foreign commerce has with rapidity attained a vast volume.
It is insignificant, however, in amount and value when compared with our internal commerce. Railways are taxed to their utmost capacity, and our ships upon inland water routes are loaded to the limit of their carrying power, bearing the products of a progressive and great people. Old facilities of interchange are found in- adequate to meet the current needs.
They are constantly enlarging. New instruments of intercommunication are created. The capacity of all these is quickly taxed. New facilities create new traffic. The wants of the people expand with increasing provision to meet them. This canal is identified with the period of our most rapid industrial development.
The ever-increasing procession of ships through it tells the story of our expanding production, growing trade and increasing: The scepter of commercial power is speedily passing into American control. If we are but true to the vast opportunities which lie at our hands, the United States will become the acknowledged leader in the commerce of the world.
The conquest will be achieved by the men of trade and not by the men of war. It will come by an irresistible law of commercial gravity. It will come because of our increased productive capacity; because of our superior ability to supply the needs of others; because of the illimitable resources of our farms, mines and factories ; because of multiplied methods and enlarged facilities of cheap transportation from the centers of produc- tion down to the seaboard.
We take pride in our commerce because it tends to lift the country to a higher and better level. It tends to equalize conditions. It enlarges the opportunity of labor and capital, and gives our people more homes, and fills them with more of the comforts of life. It brings communities and trade centers together in common interest. A higher civilization follows in its pathway. While we are a commercial people, we are not subservient to com- mercialism.
We seek to expand commerce as a means, not as an end. We seek its conquests that we may minister to those high aspirations which are the birthright of the Anglo-Saxon race.
It is a well-recognized maxim of trade that commerce w'ill follow the lines of least resistance. The Great Lakes afford cheap transportation for the vast commerce tributary thereto. The control by the government of the St. Mary's canal, its enlargement and improvement, has resulted in stimulating traffic. It insures just and rea- sonable transportation charges over a vast area, and will become, as the density of our population increases, and as trade expands, of incalculable importance in the future.
She has been generous in the improvement of rivers and harbors, to the end that they should be adequate to meet our advancing national needs. She has appropriated liberally for canals. Mary's canal is not the only evidence of this fact. Her most important work in promoting the expansion of our commerce is upon the Isthmus of Panama. As cattle age, their nutritional needs change. In the nutrition-focused portion of the Young Stockman Program, juniors will explore these changes, looking at various feedstuffs, additives, what purposes they serve and, finally, developing rations.
This educational experience will be very hands-on and will allow juniors to interact with others from across the country. Registration for this event is open and is due by Jan. To learn more and register for the event, go to redangus. March 2 - 4 Round Up: Savannah Howard, North Carolina jrasavannah gmail.
Kaitlyn Templeton, North Carolina jrakaitlyn gmail. On Friday afternoon prior to show day, the JRA Board of Directors will be putting on an educational workshop for junior exhibitors. This will include background knowledge and information on stockyards in U.
A social as well as some fun activities are also planned for the day. Designed for Processing Safety We have lots of wild range cattle, and we calve on rough ground. It is very valuable for a one-person outfit. I could not and would not be in business without it! We rave about the calf catcher to everyone! I would not be without it! Thanks for the great workmanship.
The scale makes it a piece of cake to record their birth weights. Rick Chenoweth left has managed Ranches Inc. Since using solely Red Angus bulls as its sire power for the past 20 years or so, about 90 percent of the cows are high-percentage Red Angus. The remaining 10 percent, Downing pointed out, have a little Simmental influence.
The spring cows start calving in mid-March, while the fall cows begin Sept. Downing said having two calving seasons works for the ranch as the fall herd can utilize after-feed from its irrigated hay fields, with the fall calves typically bringing 20 to 30 cents a pound more than the spring calves. This year, the spring calves were sold in May on video auction for November delivery.
The fall calves typically sell via video auction in April to be shipped the end of May. They retain at least 25 replacement heifers from each of their herds. They confine the calving season for both groups to 60 days. Chenoweth, with assistance from his wife Sharon, is an experienced and dedicated calving manager.
Downing zeros in on the performance side of bull selection while Robinson looks at type, conformation and movement. Downing said when he first took over the family ranch in , he initially concentrated on carcass traits.
Downing and Robinson are diligent in selecting their herd sires to produce market-topping steers that have earned them several Grid Master awards. Prolific Cow Herd Starts with Stringent Bull Selection Criteria For the past five years, Downing has zeroed in his genetic selection on bulls that excel in herd-building ability.
He wants bulls that produce top-quality replacement heifers and, for him, it comes down to maternal traits such as milk production, stayability and growth traits, particularly weaning weight. Replacement heifers are the most expensive animal on a ranch. They have more risk, and it takes two years in a herd before we know what a female will do. I want to raise replacement heifers that will be in the herd for 10 years at least.
Red Angus cows are favored by cattlemen across the country because the breed offers the whole package of maternal traits, efficiency and quality beef production. Once they have narrowed their list based on performance, Downing turns the reins over to Robinson. She finds things I would have missed.
Come sale day, we visually inspect every bull on our list if at all possible. They also like a pleasing head and balance from head to tail. Downing and Robinson are adamant, however, that no matter how much a bull excels in these areas, a gentle disposition takes priority. Seven key factors help Downing and Robinson decide where to buy their bulls — and he offers wise advice behind each dynamic: Lives within miles of their ranch.
Bulls carry a warranty. We want honest operations where no weight is fudged. Ranches that cull a decent percent of male calves rather than keeping all as bulls. Producer who cares about my operation. And we will look for another bull source.
Since taking over the ranch, cow size is down from 1, pounds to 1, to 1, pounds, and weaning weights are in the s without creep. Choosing Prevention Over Treatment Understanding that treatment without prevention is simply unsustainable has been a step in the right direction for progressive cattlemen.
Validating what many producers have begun practicing over the past several decades, Kansas State University — by way of assistant professor and beef Extension veterinarian A.
Unvaccinated cattle are susceptible to multiple diseases, jeopardizing the health of the animal and the profitability of the cow-calf producer and all other entities along the beef production chain. Veterinarians that responded to the survey devoted 50 percent or more of their time to commercial cow-calf producers. In short, these are experienced health experts in the cow-calf industry. The Burchfields begin their annual preventative approach starting in January by administering their bred cows with vaccine to avoid diarrhea in their calves and overeating disease, and another vaccine to prevent Clostridial A.
They also pour their cows for parasites. The research deduced immunization as the pivotal element in healthy beef cattle herds to aid in the prevention of infectious diseases. Disease prevention through a comprehensive vaccination program is the foundation to good health for the lifetime of the animal. The key to a comprehensive program like the Burchfields follow is that by taking care of the bred cows, their calves have a better chance of being born healthy and remaining healthy for their lifetime.
In years past they were experiencing health issues with enterotoxemia, a form of overeating disease, and worked closely with their veterinarian to find a solution to eradicating the problem. While they were already vaccinating for Clostridial C and D, they discovered through a necropsy that they were actually battling Clostridial Type A. In an effort to build on their foundation of health, the Burchfields give their newborn calves a seven-way clostridial.
They also administer injectable parasite control and bull calves are castrated. Near late summer, they booster all the calves and Bangs vaccinate their heifer calves so they are ready to enter the Burchfield herd as replacements or to be sold as breeding heifers.
The cows are pregnancy ultrasounded, treated for parasite control, and vaccinated to aid in the prevention of abortion, respiratory viruses and BVD. In addition to their cow and calf protocol, Burchfields also follow strict guidelines for the health of their replacement heifers and herd sires. They sell through Superior Livestock Auction and have gained a reputation for selling calves that perform well at the feedlot. Building Blocks of Health Just like protein requires amino acids, good health starts with healthy animals who have access to good nutrition.
Angus cow-calf operation at England Farms, a family-owned farming operation in central Kentucky. The Davises calve during both the spring and fall seasons, and background their calves after weaning. At birth, they inject calves with a supplemental source of zinc, manganese, selenium and copper to boost their immune system. When calves are a couple months old, the Davis family administers an intranasal dose to prevent respiratory disease cause by BRSV and aid in the prevention of IBR and PI3, a seven-way killed-virus clostridial vaccine, and pour-on parasite control.
They booster the calves at weaning and add a combination IBR and BVD shot to the regime and implant the steers and feeder heifers. In the spring, all cattle receive the pinkeye vaccine. They usually wean their heifer calves at to pounds and background the steers and feeder heifers until they reach to pounds. Implementation Experiencing success in herd health is something that takes careful attention and planning in the beginning, but once an operation has a system established for their cow herd, it is simply a matter of repetitive implementation.
For forward-thinking producers like the Davises and the Burchfields, taking a proactive approach to prevent disease is simpler and more efficient than attempting to cure a full herd problem.
Healthy calves gain and grow in the feed yard, delivering a profitable, high-quality end product. Tarpoff was published December in The Professional Animal Scientist and is available for download at www. The abstract outlines vaccination, health and production protocols as recommended by top veterinarians in the nation.
Incredible spread and a great cow family! Dam sports a MPPA! One of the best in the breed! Dam posts a MPPA! H2R Profitbuilder B Putting everything together to produce multi-trait balance sons! Contact us to be put on our mailing list! Selling 30 lots of the finest Red Angus ever created at J6! Since their release in , EPDs have provided Red Angus breeders with a simple, yet effective genetic-selection tool, which is validated by real-world information.
In an era of abundant information used to promote and describe animals — actual weights, adjusted weights, ratios, EPDs, etc. Assuming the majority of producers were placing selection pressure on growth using WW EPDs, we would expect a gradual increase in the populationwide average weaning weights reported to RAAA.
However, some producers have observed that while the average WW EPD across the entire Red Angus breed continues to increase, phenotypic average weaning weights have not changed in their operation.
Thus, the average weaning weights included in Table 4 truly reflect the entire registered Red Angus population. Positive selection pressure has increased weaning weights. Genetic Trend Data The previous evaluation validated that increases in WW EPD resulted in related increases in average adjusted weaning weights for registered Red Angus animals, thus supporting the value and use of EPDs as measures of genetic merit.
Table 5 indicates that the genetic change made during this period was actually an unfavorable change. As breeders began to use the within-herd EBVs, limited positive changes to weaning and yearling weight were observed. EPD-based selection decisions are effective in genetic advancements. Dam has a MPPA! The Ozark Bull Sale! Dam a MPPA! Dam has over a MPPA! Home of the Contact us for a complete listing! Contact us for your catalog today! There is nothing that ranchers hate worse than paperwork.
It is the last thing we want to do when we get home in the evenings, let alone schedule time for during the day. We all know our AI breeding schedules, calving dates, weaning and shipping dates a year in advance, but records get left until the absolute last minute and then we throw something together.
So, if we are all running a business, how do we know where to improve or adjust without the proper business records i. Unit Cost of Production or Production Scoring? Now for all of you to get the whole Individual Production Scoring System imbedded in your mind, I need you to look at every female as a single factory on your operation.
If that factory is not running efficiently and profitable, you must shut her down cull or make changes that will allow for her to optimize her yearly inputs. The best part about this unit of measurement is that it only requires two tools; a scale and a willing body to keep track of records. This number is going to tell you how many pounds per day your factory produced from the time she gives birth until the day you wean her calf. To be accurate with this figure you must get a birth weight within the first six hours of life do not use a hoof tape.
This equation would look something like this: Total Pounds Weaned — Most cattle producers know annually what their calves will average when they wean. Why would you give a cow an advantage for calving late, by adjusting her score to be equal to all the other early calves?
This will penalize your lower fertile cows and begin to weed them out of your system. Percent of Body Weight Weaned — I feel this measurement might be the most important, but very few producers use this on their operation for selection purposes. When you measure Percent of Body Weight Weaned, you are measuring efficiency. Your factories should be weaning between 55 to 60 percent of their total weight.
Do you Run a Business or Have a Hobby? If you will, consider what your annual cow cost is to run each factory for a year. By looking at this on a per-head basis, you will quickly see the cows that are costing you and who are the rock stars! Once you can get a score for each of these measurements, break your herd into thirds based on the scores.
A cow scoring a 9 will be in the top third of your herd and a cow scoring a 3 would be at the bottom of your production and costing your operation money. Once you begin Production Scoring your herd, you will be amazed of the results and more than likely this will be an eye-opening experience. I would suggest adding a few other categories such as a score for feet and leg structure, docility,. You will find scoring systems for both feet and udder scoring from your breed association that can help with determining what is most desirable.
The Production Scoring data and physical records that you begin to accumulate should be highly considered when selecting replacement heifers. You want females from your best producing factories! I cannot stress this enough to our producers! We will help you get premiums for your high genetics.
All we need to get your herd Top Dollar Angus qualified is either six years of registration numbers for all sires used on your operation or for 25 percent of your herd to be DNA tested. Feat ur i ngaf ul lbr ot her ands ever almat er nalandpat er nals i bs. Semenavai l abl e. What Do Feeders Want? Some like them weaned for 45 days, others insist upon nothing less than 60 days. A few have very specific guidelines for vaccinations and preconditioning, while others will vaccinate and deworm upon arrival.
Sage advice for sure. In fact, Keeling adds that he receives multiple inquiries on the reds in his feedyard. These come from packer buyers looking to purchase finished cattle with quality and yield. Calving ease and hide color have dominated the industry too much.
Traverse south approximately miles to Hy-Plains Feedyard in Montezuma, Kansas, and manager Tom Jones says that known genetics, not hide color, are part of his risk management program. If you are a smaller rancher with smaller numbers, you need to make sure to tighten up your calving period so you have less sorting.
Additionally, smaller ranchers can work together and make their cattle more similar, which will increase the value you receive. There are so many good seedstock producers out there and the commercial ranchers can benefit from them and their offerings. Good genetics are reliable and predictable. One factor that smaller breeders should consider is efficiency and working together with ranchers with similar genetics and management styles.
Smaller operators need to work with someone else to get bigger marketing groups, which will help you on sale day as a smaller rancher. If you have to buy a 10 ml vaccine bottle and only use 3 ml, then your cost increases. But if you have larger numbers, you spread your costs out and are more efficient.
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