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Jim Storm has an easier time than most. The thought of someone actually ditching his car in metro Detroit, however, is virtually unheard of. Storm knows his situation is unusual. He is the rare automobile-less alien in public transit-troubled car country. Cities like New York City and Seattle have reliable public transportation, the kind of efficient, ubiquitous service that ferries commuters with few headaches besides a few grumbles about a packed bus or a temporarily closed station.

But those are minor complaints, and ones many folks here would love to have in exchange for the status quo. In metro Detroit, public transportation is a bunk concept; most riders, with no hesitation, will offer a similar refrain when asked their opinion: Why is it that someone who wants to get from downtown Detroit via DDOT to a job at, for example, the Costco in Livonia, needs to budget two hours for the trip?

When driving that route would take a mere 15 to 20 minutes? Consider the two transfers needed to make that bus ride happen, tack on the inevitable waiting period, and it begins to make sense why this region is beholden to the automobile not just by name, but in practice too. Ask that question — why is public transportation here so unreliable? Is there a smoking gun?

The web of privately owned bus systems across the region would dissolve soon after. Today, Detroit is basically left with two disconnected bus systems that generate more headaches than on-time transfers or speedy rides. The city was once able to call itself the owner of the largest municipally owned street railway system.

Were a rail system to be introduced today, the Southeast Michigan Regional Transportation Authority board would have to unanimously approve it, which is no small task. By contrast, only a supermajority is needed to seek voter approval for a new bus system or a rapid transit system. In some instances, it was a vocal minority choosing personal sentiments over the betterment of the region.

Transit boosters have optimistically pointed to the new M-1 Rail streetcar line in Detroit as a sign of hope for the future in the region. The progress heartens advocates of a more expansive system, but it remains unclear if the transit line will be tied to an economically flourishing section of Detroit, or if planners will allow for future expansion into a real rapid transit system that embraces the city limits and beyond.

The average Joe in the s and s had choices to get around metro Detroit: Cabs, trains, an interurban, streetcars, horse-drawn vehicles, walking. Those looking to gain some freedom from the rail monopoly of the time turned to the automobile as a saving grace.

Numerous proposals were floated to expand the system with new subway routes. In , after a rapid transit plan for the region was completed, Mayor James Couzens vetoed a bond issue to construct a subway. Toward the end of the decade, as the DSR reached its apex, voters were considering another plan to construct a subway line from the city to Ford Motor Co. But the proposal failed due to reasons all too familiar for the region. Then, the Great Depression came, striking a blow to streetcar ridership.

In part to stave off rising maintenance costs, the DSR began running buses more frequently. World War II revived the Detroit economy, rebranding the city as the Arsenal of Democracy, giving the streetcar system a boost. Ridership spiked again to more than million. The wheels were in motion to shutter the streetcar operations for good.

The city discontinued half of its 20 streetcar lines by , dropping five more in At the same time, transit workers went on strike, which took another whack at ridership levels, according to a University of Detroit Mercy study. After the DSR purchased hundreds of buses to run along the streetcar routes, the rail system was made obsolete. In April , the last streetcar rolled down Woodward Avenue.

Just two months later, President Dwight D. Eisenhower would sign the Federal Aid Highway Act, authorizing the construction of more than 40, miles of interstate highway. Automobile costs had dropped, becoming more affordable for the average American family. It was the first warning sign that metro Detroit transit agencies had to adapt or die. Even Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan focused on the need for a reliable bus system in Detroit during his State of the City speech last month.

The year-old man rides the DDOT 38 Plymouth route in the wrong direction on his way to work, Duggan said, just to ensure he has a seat on the bus. Riding along a Woodward bus last month, a male rider shared his recent woes with nearby passengers: Another rider quickly chimed in with gripes: The mayor, who announced his administration would bring new security cameras for DDOT buses this year and have 50 new vehicles in service this fall, then became a scapegoat for one female rider, who said: The various private operators had problems, Craig says, but the one- to two-hour waits some Detroiters face today were unimaginable.

So officials and planners set about crafting a solution. At the time, major metropolitan areas were moving toward regional transit operations, and some local officials were feverishly working to hatch such a plan for metro Detroit on the heels of President Lyndon B. But the initial show of support for a regionalized operation was minimal. The authority was tasked with merging the operations of the numerous transit systems across metro Detroit.

This forced the authority to rely on private sources and state grants to get an efficient regional transit system off the ground. Not far away in the Rust Belt, when the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority was formed a decade later, voters approved a 1 percent countywide sales tax to fund the authority, paying for nearly 70 percent of the operating budget. The merger became the difficult part.

The riots in Detroit cut loose tensions between an institutionally racist police department and residents, leaving wounds that still linger today.

But Young was seeking to make decisions that benefited Detroiters, in much the same way suburban leaders have worked for their residents ever since. There were legitimate concerns from Detroit surrounding the governance of a regional authority, something neither side appears to have budged an inch on.

Clair, Washtenaw and Wayne. In the early s, then-Gov. The Urban Mass Transit Administration UMTA would administer the grant, but the agency required some form of a regional authority that included a true merger of the systems as a stipulation for releasing the funds. Things were looking bright as officials reached a compromise in , culminating in the passage of revamped SEMTA legislation. Johnny Cash once mused to an interviewer that failure should not be dwelled on.

Failure, he supposedly said, should be analyzed, so as to not make the same mistake twice. And yet metro Detroit continued to fall into the same trap. Rail lines were intended to run along Gratiot Avenue as far northeast as the I freeway, according to a story from the Ann Arbor Sun. He echoes points about the issues that strained relationships between the suburbs and the city over public transit. Merger discussions continued as late as , culminating in the passage of a half-cent gas tax in the tri-country region for the new transit system, the University of Detroit Mercy report says.

Again, like clockwork, the plan would fall apart due to disagreements between the city and the suburbs. He wanted the high-capacity heavy rail system as a condition of the merger, according to the UDM report. Young and county leaders began a public back-and-forth over the Woodward proposal. A 1-percent sales tax to support the project was on the table, he says, potentially generating hundreds of millions of dollars to support capital costs.

It never went anywhere. By the mids, the lack of a shared vision made the regional transit plan near impossible to complete. SEMTA dissolved a minute commuter train route it had been operating between Detroit and Pontiac for nearly a decade; a year later an Ann Arbor route was cut. Amtrak offered to restart service with funds to support a commuter rail line between Joe Louis Arena and Ann Arbor, but local funds were never identified and the project was axed.

Although officials ensured that construction of the People Mover would move forward, it would come without the much-needed feeder lines to make it viable, Wagner says. Stifled by personal comments made by Young and a lack of any concrete regional authority in place, President Ronald Reagan yanked the pledge off the table.

By the end of the decade, SEMTA was dissolved by the state legislature, citing the inability to merge operations in the region. Nelles writes in Urban Affairs the reason that public transit has gone nowhere in Detroit falls to the relationship between the city and its suburbs. Bradley, 28, has lived in New York City since But public transit comes at a cost. Whether it was taxpayers not willing to pump the necessary resources into such initiatives, or leaders failing to hash out a compromise, the fact is, the money to make it work has never materialized.

And even if the money was there, constructing an effective transit system takes time. Besides that, the region continued its tradition of failed mergers — lots of talk and studies and promises that fizzle before dying on the planning table. The proposal gave Detroit the upper hand in governance of a regional system. Brooks Patterson, and other leaders never reached a compromise.

By most accounts, the most recent — and relevant — blunder came from former Gov. Engler axed the bill on his way out the door in to spite those holding up an eleventh-hour bill that would authorize the construction of 15 charter schools in Detroit. According to The Michigan Daily , Engler said of his veto: So after nearly four decades — four decades of lagging behind other metropolitan areas — metro Detroit was nowhere closer to crafting a regional solution to transit.

That is, until Signed into law by Gov. Under the legislation, the member board representing the RTA would be tasked to oversee current transit operators across the four counties and develop a proposed mile bus rapid transit BRT system. To construct or operate a rail line, the board requires a unanimous vote. And in the face of high expectations, the RTA underperformed in its first year. Its first pick as chief executive officer, John Hertel, stepped down from the job after just four months.

Hertel cited the lack of funds as a chief reason for quitting. Without additional support, he was unable to hire an administrative staff needed to prepare for a ballot campaign.

Significantly, the RTA also recently voted to hold off on pursuing a ballot campaign until the general election. State law says the authority can only go to voters during general elections.

Events - All Things Detroit

Numerous proposals were floated to expand the system with new subway routes. In , after a rapid transit plan for the region was completed, Mayor James Couzens vetoed a bond issue to construct a subway.

Toward the end of the decade, as the DSR reached its apex, voters were considering another plan to construct a subway line from the city to Ford Motor Co. But the proposal failed due to reasons all too familiar for the region. Then, the Great Depression came, striking a blow to streetcar ridership. In part to stave off rising maintenance costs, the DSR began running buses more frequently. World War II revived the Detroit economy, rebranding the city as the Arsenal of Democracy, giving the streetcar system a boost.

Ridership spiked again to more than million. The wheels were in motion to shutter the streetcar operations for good. The city discontinued half of its 20 streetcar lines by , dropping five more in At the same time, transit workers went on strike, which took another whack at ridership levels, according to a University of Detroit Mercy study. After the DSR purchased hundreds of buses to run along the streetcar routes, the rail system was made obsolete.

In April , the last streetcar rolled down Woodward Avenue. Just two months later, President Dwight D. Eisenhower would sign the Federal Aid Highway Act, authorizing the construction of more than 40, miles of interstate highway. Automobile costs had dropped, becoming more affordable for the average American family. It was the first warning sign that metro Detroit transit agencies had to adapt or die.

Even Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan focused on the need for a reliable bus system in Detroit during his State of the City speech last month. The year-old man rides the DDOT 38 Plymouth route in the wrong direction on his way to work, Duggan said, just to ensure he has a seat on the bus.

Riding along a Woodward bus last month, a male rider shared his recent woes with nearby passengers: Another rider quickly chimed in with gripes: The mayor, who announced his administration would bring new security cameras for DDOT buses this year and have 50 new vehicles in service this fall, then became a scapegoat for one female rider, who said: The various private operators had problems, Craig says, but the one- to two-hour waits some Detroiters face today were unimaginable.

So officials and planners set about crafting a solution. At the time, major metropolitan areas were moving toward regional transit operations, and some local officials were feverishly working to hatch such a plan for metro Detroit on the heels of President Lyndon B. But the initial show of support for a regionalized operation was minimal. The authority was tasked with merging the operations of the numerous transit systems across metro Detroit.

This forced the authority to rely on private sources and state grants to get an efficient regional transit system off the ground. Not far away in the Rust Belt, when the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority was formed a decade later, voters approved a 1 percent countywide sales tax to fund the authority, paying for nearly 70 percent of the operating budget. The merger became the difficult part. The riots in Detroit cut loose tensions between an institutionally racist police department and residents, leaving wounds that still linger today.

But Young was seeking to make decisions that benefited Detroiters, in much the same way suburban leaders have worked for their residents ever since. There were legitimate concerns from Detroit surrounding the governance of a regional authority, something neither side appears to have budged an inch on. Clair, Washtenaw and Wayne. In the early s, then-Gov. The Urban Mass Transit Administration UMTA would administer the grant, but the agency required some form of a regional authority that included a true merger of the systems as a stipulation for releasing the funds.

Things were looking bright as officials reached a compromise in , culminating in the passage of revamped SEMTA legislation. Johnny Cash once mused to an interviewer that failure should not be dwelled on.

Failure, he supposedly said, should be analyzed, so as to not make the same mistake twice. And yet metro Detroit continued to fall into the same trap. Rail lines were intended to run along Gratiot Avenue as far northeast as the I freeway, according to a story from the Ann Arbor Sun.

He echoes points about the issues that strained relationships between the suburbs and the city over public transit. Merger discussions continued as late as , culminating in the passage of a half-cent gas tax in the tri-country region for the new transit system, the University of Detroit Mercy report says.

Again, like clockwork, the plan would fall apart due to disagreements between the city and the suburbs. He wanted the high-capacity heavy rail system as a condition of the merger, according to the UDM report. Young and county leaders began a public back-and-forth over the Woodward proposal. A 1-percent sales tax to support the project was on the table, he says, potentially generating hundreds of millions of dollars to support capital costs.

It never went anywhere. By the mids, the lack of a shared vision made the regional transit plan near impossible to complete. SEMTA dissolved a minute commuter train route it had been operating between Detroit and Pontiac for nearly a decade; a year later an Ann Arbor route was cut.

Amtrak offered to restart service with funds to support a commuter rail line between Joe Louis Arena and Ann Arbor, but local funds were never identified and the project was axed. Although officials ensured that construction of the People Mover would move forward, it would come without the much-needed feeder lines to make it viable, Wagner says. Stifled by personal comments made by Young and a lack of any concrete regional authority in place, President Ronald Reagan yanked the pledge off the table.

By the end of the decade, SEMTA was dissolved by the state legislature, citing the inability to merge operations in the region. Nelles writes in Urban Affairs the reason that public transit has gone nowhere in Detroit falls to the relationship between the city and its suburbs. Bradley, 28, has lived in New York City since But public transit comes at a cost. Whether it was taxpayers not willing to pump the necessary resources into such initiatives, or leaders failing to hash out a compromise, the fact is, the money to make it work has never materialized.

And even if the money was there, constructing an effective transit system takes time. Besides that, the region continued its tradition of failed mergers — lots of talk and studies and promises that fizzle before dying on the planning table. The proposal gave Detroit the upper hand in governance of a regional system. Brooks Patterson, and other leaders never reached a compromise. By most accounts, the most recent — and relevant — blunder came from former Gov. Engler axed the bill on his way out the door in to spite those holding up an eleventh-hour bill that would authorize the construction of 15 charter schools in Detroit.

According to The Michigan Daily , Engler said of his veto: So after nearly four decades — four decades of lagging behind other metropolitan areas — metro Detroit was nowhere closer to crafting a regional solution to transit. That is, until Signed into law by Gov.

Under the legislation, the member board representing the RTA would be tasked to oversee current transit operators across the four counties and develop a proposed mile bus rapid transit BRT system.

The next largest population groups were Whites, at 10 percent, and Hispanics, at 6 percent. In the first decade of the 21st century, about two-thirds of the total black population in metropolitan area resided within the city limits of Detroit. The city has also moved down the ranking, from number one most segregated to number four. This pattern already happened in the s, when apparent integration was actually a precursor to white flight and resegregation.

According to an estimate of the Michigan Metropolitan Information Center, from to the percentage of non-Hispanic White residents increased from 8. Some empty nesters and many younger White people moved into the city while many African Americans moved to the suburbs.

Detroit has a Mexican-American population. In the early 20th century thousands of Mexicans came to Detroit to work in agricultural, automotive, and steel jobs.

During the Mexican Repatriation of the s many Mexicans in Detroit were willingly repatriated or forced to repatriate. By the s the Mexican community began to settle what is now Mexicantown. The population significantly increased in the s due to immigration from Jalisco. In Detroit had 48, Hispanics, including 36, Mexicans. Appalachians formed communities and their children acquired southern accents.

In , , Jews, or about 1. As of there are four areas in Detroit with significant Asian and Asian American populations. Northeast Detroit has population of Hmong with a smaller group of Lao people. A portion of Detroit next to eastern Hamtramck includes Bangladeshi Americans , Indian Americans , and Pakistani Americans ; nearly all of the Bangladeshi population in Detroit lives in that area.

Many of those residents own small businesses or work in blue collar jobs, and the population in that area is mostly Muslim. The area north of Downtown Detroit ; including the region around the Henry Ford Hospital , the Detroit Medical Center , and Wayne State University ; has transient Asian national origin residents who are university students or hospital workers.

Few of them have permanent residency after schooling ends. They are mostly Chinese and Indian but the population also includes Filipinos, Koreans, and Pakistanis. In Southwest Detroit and western Detroit there are smaller, scattered Asian communities including an area in the westside adjacent to Dearborn and Redford Township that has a mostly Indian Asian population, and a community of Vietnamese and Laotians in Southwest Detroit.

As of [update] the city has one of the U. Hmong immigrant families generally have lower incomes than those of suburban Asian families. Several major corporations are based in the city, including three Fortune companies. The most heavily represented sectors are manufacturing particularly automotive , finance, technology, and health care. About 80, people work in downtown Detroit, comprising one-fifth of the city's employment base. Ford Motor Company is located in the adjacent city of Dearborn.

Thousands more employees work in Midtown, north of the central business district. Midtown is also home to watchmaker Shinola and an array of small and startup companies. A number of the city's downtown employers are relatively new, as there has been a marked trend of companies moving from satellite suburbs around Metropolitan Detroit into the downtown core. Perhaps most prominently, in , Quicken Loans , one of the largest mortgage lenders, relocated its world headquarters and 4, employees to downtown Detroit, consolidating its suburban offices.

Patent and Trademark Office opened its Elijah J. The city of Detroit and other private-public partnerships have attempted to catalyze the region's growth by facilitating the building and historical rehabilitation of residential high-rises in the downtown, creating a zone that offers many business tax incentives, creating recreational spaces such as the Detroit RiverWalk, Campus Martius Park , Dequindre Cut Greenway, and Green Alleys in Midtown.

The city itself has cleared sections of land while retaining a number of historically significant vacant buildings in order to spur redevelopment; [] even though it has struggled with finances, the city issued bonds in to provide funding for ongoing work to demolish blighted properties. Despite the city's recent financial issues, many developers remain unfazed by Detroit's problems.

Downtown's population of young professionals is growing and retail is expanding. John Varvatos is set to open a downtown store in , and Restoration Hardware is rumored to be opening a store nearby. On July 25, , Meijer , a midwestern retail chain, opened its first supercenter store in Detroit,; [] this was a 20 million dollar, ,square-foot store in the northern portion of the city and it also is the centerpiece of a new 72 million dollar shopping center named Gateway Marketplace.

It is the largest commitment made to any one city by the nation's biggest bank. In the central portions of Detroit, the population of young professionals, artists, and other transplants is growing and retail is expanding. A desire to be closer to the urban scene has also attracted some young professionals to reside in inner ring suburbs such as Ferndale and Royal Oak , Michigan.

Known as the world's automotive center, [] "Detroit" is a metonym for that industry. Live music has been a prominent feature of Detroit's nightlife since the late s, bringing the city recognition under the nickname 'Motown'. Concerts hosted by Live Nation perform throughout the Detroit area.

The city's theatre venue circuit is the United States' second largest and hosts Broadway performances. The city of Detroit has a rich musical heritage and has contributed to a number of different genres over the decades leading into the new millennium. In the s, Detroit blues artist John Lee Hooker became a long-term resident in the city's southwest Delray neighborhood. Hooker, among other important blues musicians migrated from his home in Mississippi bringing the Delta blues to northern cities like Detroit.

During the s, the city became a center for jazz, with stars performing in the Black Bottom neighborhood. According to Smokey Robinson, Strong was a primary influence on his voice as a teenager.

The Fortune label was a family-operated label located on Third Avenue in Detroit, and was owned by the husband and wife team of Jack Brown and Devora Brown. Fortune, which also released country, gospel and rockabilly LPs and 45s, laid the groundwork for Motown, which became Detroit's most legendary record label. Artists were backed by in-house vocalists [] The Andantes and The Funk Brothers , the Motown house band that was featured in Paul Justman's documentary film Standing in the Shadows of Motown , based on Allan Slutsky's book of the same name.

The Motown Sound played an important role in the crossover appeal with popular music, since it was the first African American owned record label to primarily feature African-American artists. Gordy moved Motown to Los Angeles in to pursue film production, but the company has since returned to Detroit. Local artists and bands rose to prominence in the s and 70s including: The group Kiss emphasized the city's connection with rock in the song Detroit Rock City and the movie produced in In the s, Detroit was an important center of the hardcore punk rock underground with many nationally known bands coming out of the city and its suburbs, such as The Necros , The Meatmen , and Negative Approach.

In the s and the new millennium, the city has produced a number of influential hip hop artists, including Eminem , the hip-hop artist with the highest cumulative sales, hip-hop producer J Dilla , rapper and producer Esham and hip hop duo Insane Clown Posse. The city is also home to rappers Big Sean and Danny Brown. Detroit is cited as the birthplace of techno music in the early s. Featuring science fiction imagery and robotic themes, its futuristic style was greatly influenced by the geography of Detroit's urban decline and its industrial past.

In the early years — , this was a landmark event, boasting over a million estimated attendees annually, coming from all over the world to celebrate Techno music in the city of its birth. The Nederlander Organization , the largest controller of Broadway productions in New York City, originated with the purchase of the Detroit Opera House in by the Nederlander family. Because of its unique culture , distinctive architecture , and revitalization and urban renewal efforts in the 21st century , Detroit has enjoyed increased prominence as a tourist destination in recent years.

The New York Times listed Detroit as the 9th-best destination in its list of 52 Places to Go in , [] while travel guide publisher Lonely Planet named Detroit the second-best city in the world to visit in Many of the area's prominent museums are located in the historic cultural center neighborhood around Wayne State University and the College for Creative Studies.

In , the G. Important history of America and the Detroit area are exhibited at The Henry Ford in Dearborn , the United States' largest indoor-outdoor museum complex.

Inside Detroit, meanwhile, hosts tours, educational programming, and a downtown welcome center. Chrysler Museum in Auburn Hills. The city's Greektown and three downtown casino resort hotels serve as part of an entertainment hub. The Eastern Market farmer's distribution center is the largest open-air flowerbed market in the United States and has more than foods and specialty businesses. Midtown has about 50, residents and attracts millions of visitors each year to its museums and cultural centers; [] for example, the Detroit Festival of the Arts in Midtown draws about , people.

As the world's traditional automotive center, the city hosts the North American International Auto Show. Held since , America's Thanksgiving Parade is one of the nation's largest. The image is often used as a symbol of Detroit and the statue itself is occasionally dressed in sports jerseys to celebrate when a Detroit team is doing well.

The sculpture, commissioned by Sports Illustrated and executed by Robert Graham , is a foot 7. Artist Tyree Guyton created the controversial street art exhibit known as the Heidelberg Project in , using found objects including cars, clothing and shoes found in the neighborhood near and on Heidelberg Street on the near East Side of Detroit.

Detroit is one of 13 U. Since , all of these teams play in the city limits of Detroit itself, a distinction shared with only three other U. Detroit is the only U. There are three active major sports venues in the city: A marketing campaign promoted the nickname " Hockeytown ". The Detroit Tigers have won four World Series titles.

Two new downtown stadiums for the Detroit Tigers and Detroit Lions opened in and , respectively, returning the Lions to the city proper. In college sports, Detroit's central location within the Mid-American Conference has made it a frequent site for the league's championship events. The local soccer team is called the Detroit City Football Club and was founded in In the years following the mids, Detroit was referred to as the "City of Champions" after the Tigers, Lions, and Red Wings captured all three major professional sports championships in a seven-month period of time the Tigers won the World Series in October ; the Lions won the NFL championship in December ; the Red Wings won the Stanley Cup in April Joe Louis won the heavyweight championship of the world in Detroit has made the most bids to host the Summer Olympics without ever being awarded the games: The city government is run by a mayor and a nine-member city council and clerk.

Seven city council members are elected via district while two are elected at large. The mayor and clerk are elected in an at large election as well.

Since voters approved the city's charter in , Detroit has had a " strong mayoral " system, with the mayor approving departmental appointments. The council approves budgets but the mayor is not obligated to adhere to any earmarking. City ordinances and substantially large contracts must be approved by the council. The city clerk supervises elections and is formally charged with the maintenance of municipal records.

Municipal elections for mayor, city council and city clerk are held at four-year intervals, in the year after presidential elections. Detroit's courts are state-administered and elections are nonpartisan. Young Municipal Center in downtown Detroit. The city provides law enforcement through the Detroit Police Department and emergency services through the Detroit Fire Department.

Detroit has struggled with high crime for decades. The number of homicides peaked in at and again in with The Murder rate for the city have gone up and down throughout the years averaging over murders with a population of over 1,, residents.

The crime rate however has been above the nation average since the s [] [] Crime has since decreased and, in , the murder rate was About half of all murders in Michigan in occurred in Detroit. The city's downtown typically has lower crime than national and state averages. In , crime in the city was among the reasons for more expensive car insurance. Beginning with its incorporation in , Detroit has had a total of 74 mayors.

Detroit's last mayor from the Republican Party was Louis Miriani , who served from to In , the city elected its first black mayor, Coleman Young. Despite development efforts, his combative style during his five terms in office was not well received by many suburban residents.

By , three major casino resort hotels established operations in the city. In , the city requested an investigation by the United States Justice Department into the Detroit Police Department which was concluded in over allegations regarding its use of force and civil rights violations. The city proceeded with a major reorganization of the Detroit Police Department. It has been making ends meet on a month-to-month basis with the help of bond money held in a state escrow account and has instituted mandatory unpaid days off for many city workers.

Those troubles, along with underfunded city services, such as police and fire departments, and ineffective turnaround plans from Bing and the City Council [] led the state of Michigan to appoint an emergency manager for Detroit on March 14, Detroit is home to several institutions of higher learning including Wayne State University , a national research university with medical and law schools in the Midtown area offering hundreds of academic degrees and programs.

The University of Detroit Mercy offers more than a hundred academic degrees and programs of study including business, dentistry , law , engineering, architecture, nursing and allied health professions. Sacred Heart Major Seminary , founded in , is affiliated with Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum in Rome and offers pontifical degrees as well as civil undergraduate and graduate degrees.

Sacred Heart Major Seminary offers a variety of academic programs for both clerical and lay students. In , University of Michigan—Dearborn was established in neighboring Dearborn. Detroit has an additional 56, charter school students for a combined enrollment of about , students. In , the Michigan Legislature removed the locally elected board of education amid allegations of mismanagement and replaced it with a reform board appointed by the mayor and governor.

The elected board of education was re-established following a city referendum in The first election of the new member board of education occurred on November 8, Due to growing Detroit charter schools enrollment as well as a continued exodus of population, the city planned to close many public schools.

Public and charter school students in the city have performed poorly on standardized tests. While Detroit public schools scored a record low on national tests, the publicly funded charter schools did even worse than the public schools.

Detroit public schools students scored the lowest on tests of reading and writing of all major cities in the United States in Detroit is served by various private schools, as well as parochial Roman Catholic schools operated by the Archdiocese of Detroit. As of [update] there are four Catholic grade schools and three Catholic high schools in the City of Detroit, with all of them in the city's west side.

In the — school year there were about Catholic grade schools in Detroit, Hamtramck , and Highland Park and 55 Catholic high schools in those three cities. The Catholic school population in Detroit has decreased due to the increase of charter schools , increasing tuition at Catholic schools, the small number of African-American Catholics, White Catholics moving to suburbs, and the decreased number of teaching nuns.

The Detroit Free Press and The Detroit News are the major daily newspapers, both broadsheet publications published together under a joint operating agreement called the Detroit Newspaper Partnership. Also founded in and based in Detroit the Michigan Chronicle is one of the oldest and most respected African-American weekly newspapers in America.

Covering politics, entertainment, sports and community events. Detroit has the 11th largest radio market in the United States, [] though this ranking does not take into account Canadian audiences.

Hardcore Pawn , a U. John Health System , and the John D. Dingell VA Medical Center. The DMC has more than 2, licensed beds and 3, affiliated physicians.

It is the largest private employer in the City of Detroit. Detroit Medical Center formally became a part of Vanguard Health Systems on December 30, , as a for profit corporation.

Joseph's, and University of Michigan Medical Center. With its proximity to Canada and its facilities, ports, major highways, rail connections and international airports, Detroit is an important transportation hub.

Mass transit in the region is provided by bus services. Cross border service between the downtown areas of Windsor and Detroit is provided by Transit Windsor via the Tunnel Bus. An elevated rail system known as the People Mover , completed in , provides daily service around a 2. The Regional Transit Authority RTA was established by an act of the Michigan legislature in December to oversee and coordinate all existing regional mass transit operations, and to develop new transit services in the region.

The RTA's first project was the introduction of RelfeX, a limited-stop , cross-county bus service connecting downtown and midtown Detroit with Oakland county via Woodward avenue. Amtrak provides service to Detroit, operating its Wolverine service between Chicago and Pontiac. The Amtrak station is located in New Center north of downtown. Westcott II , which delivers mail to lake freighters on the Detroit River, is the world's only floating post office. The city of Detroit has a higher than average percentage of households without a car.

Young International Airport DET , previously called Detroit City Airport, is on Detroit's northeast side; the airport now maintains only charter service and general aviation. Metro Detroit has an extensive toll-free network of freeways administered by the Michigan Department of Transportation. Four major Interstate Highways surround the city. I Chrysler and Fisher freeways is the region's main north—south route, serving Flint , Pontiac , Troy , and Detroit, before continuing south as the Detroit—Toledo and Seaway Freeways to serve many of the communities along the shore of Lake Erie.

The stretch of the current I freeway from Ypsilanti to Detroit was one of America's earlier limited-access highways. A portion was known as the Willow Run Expressway. The I freeway runs northwest—southeast through Livingston, Oakland and Wayne counties and as the Jeffries Freeway through Wayne County has its eastern terminus in downtown Detroit. I runs north—south from I in the south to the junction of I and I in the north, providing a bypass through the western suburbs of Detroit.

I is a short spur route in downtown Detroit, an extension of the Chrysler Freeway. I Reuther Freeway runs east—west from the junction of I and I, providing a route through the northern suburbs of Detroit. Taken together, I and I form a semicircle around Detroit. Michigan state highways designated with the letter M serve to connect major freeways. Detroit is home to the only floating post office in the United States.

In , The J. Westcott II became a floating post office servicing the Port of Detroit. Its zip code is Originally established in as a maritime reporting agency to inform other vessels about port conditions, the J. Westcott II is still in operation today. Detroit has seven sister cities , as designated by Sister Cities International: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 26 October This article is about the city in Michigan. For other uses, see Detroit disambiguation.

For other uses, see Motor City disambiguation and Detroit City disambiguation. Largest city in Michigan. City and county seat in Michigan, United States. From top to bottom, left to right: Location in Michigan and the contiguous United States. History of Detroit and Timeline of Detroit. Decline of Detroit and Detroit bankruptcy. Planning and development in Detroit. List of tallest buildings in Detroit. Architecture of metropolitan Detroit. Demographic history of Detroit and Demographics of Metro Detroit.

Economy of metropolitan Detroit and Planning and development in Detroit. Professional and business services. Education and health services. Tourism in metropolitan Detroit. Sports in Detroit and U. Government of Detroit and List of mayors of Detroit. Crime in Detroit and Detroit Police Department. Colleges and universities in Metro Detroit. Transportation in metropolitan Detroit.

Roads and freeways in metropolitan Detroit. List of people from Detroit. For more information, see ThreadEx. Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, Retrieved November 25, Archived from the original on May 25, Retrieved March 3, April 1, to July 1, ".

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Detroit to revive 1 neighborhood at a time. Retrieved November 29, Retrieved August 2, Archived from the original on April 22, Retrieved June 4, Archived from the original PDF on May 28, Oakland County also ranks as the fourth wealthiest county in the USA among counties with populations of more than one million people.

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Burger Restaurant in Detroit, Michigan. People talk about good french fries, crispy onion rings and fabulous hamburger. See reviews and recommendations/5(55). This new public space in the heart of Detroit's downtown is the perfect spot to while away a sunny afternoon. At the center is the Michigan Soldiers & Sailors Monument: In the warmer months, there's a sandy beac. All Things Detroit is a different kind of event.  It brings small businesses together and provide a great environment to build their brand. But where it really shines is its format, because it does all this in a fun, profitable and exciting way with happy patrons.