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His disclosures revealed numerous global surveillance programs, many run by the NSA and the Five Eyes Intelligence Alliance with the cooperation of telecommunication companies and European governments. Snowden came to international attention after stories based on the material appeared in The Guardian and The Washington Post. On June 21, , the U. Department of Justice unsealed charges against Snowden of two counts of violating the Espionage Act of and theft of government property [2] following which the Department of State revoked his passport.

Russia ultimately granted him right of asylum for one year, and repeated extensions have permitted him to stay at least until In early , he became the president of the Freedom of the Press Foundation , an organization that aims to protect journalists from hacking and government surveillance. A subject of controversy, Snowden has been variously called a hero, a whistleblower , a dissident , a traitor , and a patriot.

His disclosures have fueled debates over mass surveillance , government secrecy , and the balance between national security and information privacy. Barrett , [8] [9] was a rear admiral in the U. Coast Guard who became a senior official with the FBI and was at the Pentagon in during the September 11 attacks. District Court for the District of Maryland. Edward Snowden said that he had expected to work for the federal government, as had the rest of his family. In the early s, while still in grade school, Snowden moved with his family to the area of Fort Meade, Maryland.

At age 20, he listed Buddhism as his religion on a military recruitment form, noting that the choice of agnostic was "strangely absent. Snowden has said that in the presidential election , he voted for a third-party candidate, though he "believed in Obama's promises. In accounts published in June , interviewers noted that Snowden's laptop displayed stickers supporting Internet freedom organizations including the Electronic Frontier Foundation EFF and the Tor Project.

Feeling a duty to fight in the Iraq War to help free oppressed people, [21] Snowden enlisted in the United States Army Reserve on May 7, and became a Special Forces candidate through its 18X enlistment option. After attending a job-fair focused on intelligence agencies, Snowden accepted an offer for a position at the CIA.

In May , Snowden wrote in Ars Technica that he had no trouble getting work because he was a "computer wizard".

In March , the CIA stationed Snowden with diplomatic cover in Geneva , Switzerland, where he was responsible for maintaining computer-network security. Snowden said that when the latter was arrested, a CIA operative offered to help in exchange for the banker becoming an informant.

With all due respect, I just can't imagine it," said Maurer. In , Snowden began work as a contractee for Dell , [45] which manages computer systems for multiple government agencies. Assigned to an NSA facility at Yokota Air Base near Tokyo , Snowden instructed top officials and military officers on how to defend their networks from Chinese hackers.

In that capacity, he was consulted by the chiefs of the CIA's technical branches, including the agency's chief information officer and its chief technology officer. A former NSA co-worker said that although the NSA was full of smart people, Snowden was a "genius among geniuses" who created a widely implemented backup system for the NSA and often pointed out security flaws to the agency.

The former colleague said Snowden was given full administrator privileges with virtually unlimited access to NSA data. A spokeswoman for Johns Hopkins said that the university did not find records to show that Snowden attended the university, and suggested that he may instead have attended Advanced Career Technologies, a private for-profit organization that operated as the Computer Career Institute at Johns Hopkins University. The university said that Snowden registered for an online master's degree program in computer security in but was inactive as a student and had not completed the program.

Snowden has said that he had told multiple employees and two supervisors about his concerns, but the NSA disputes his claim. The reactions of those I told about the scale of the constitutional violations ranged from deeply concerned to appalled, but no one was willing to risk their jobs, families, and possibly even freedom to go through what [Thomas Andrews] Drake did.

He asserted that the NSA had copies of emails he sent to their Office of General Counsel , oversight and compliance personnel broaching "concerns about the NSA's interpretations of its legal authorities. I had raised these complaints not just officially in writing through email, but to my supervisors, to my colleagues, in more than one office.

In May , U. So when they say I'm a low-level systems administrator, that I don't know what I'm talking about, I'd say it's somewhat misleading. They would tell me their hardest technology problems, and it was my job to come up with a way to fix them. Of his time as an NSA analyst, directing the work of others, Snowden recalled a moment when he and his colleagues began to have severe ethical doubts. Snowden said 18 to year-old analysts were suddenly "thrust into a position of extraordinary responsibility, where they now have access to all your private records.

In the course of their daily work, they stumble across something that is completely unrelated in any sort of necessary sense—for example, an intimate nude photo of someone in a sexually compromising situation. But they're extremely attractive. So what do they do?

They turn around in their chair and they show a co-worker The exact size of Snowden's disclosure is unknown, [73] but Australian officials have estimated 15, or more Australian intelligence files [74] and British officials estimate at least 58, British intelligence files. The vast majority of those were related to our military capabilities, operations, tactics, techniques and procedures.

According to Snowden, he did not indiscriminately turn over documents to journalists, stating that "I carefully evaluated every single document I disclosed to ensure that each was legitimately in the public interest. There are all sorts of documents that would have made a big impact that I didn't turn over" [82] and that "I have to screen everything before releasing it to journalists If I have time to go through this information, I would like to make it available to journalists in each country.

Navy Admiral Michael S. Rogers , said that while some terrorist groups had altered their communications to avoid surveillance techniques revealed by Snowden, the damage done was not significant enough to conclude that "the sky is falling. On 14 June , UK's Sunday Times reported that Russian and Chinese intelligence services had decrypted more than 1 million classified files in the Snowden cache, forcing the UK's MI6 intelligence agency to move agents out of live operations in hostile countries.

The Sunday Times said it was not clear whether Russia and China stole Snowden's data or whether Snowden voluntarily handed it over to remain at liberty in Hong Kong and Moscow. Snowden then contacted documentary filmmaker Laura Poitras in January Greenwald began working with Snowden in either February [97] or April , after Poitras asked Greenwald to meet her in New York City, at which point Snowden began providing documents to them.

Snowden communicated using encrypted email , [95] and going by the codename " Verax ". He asked not to be quoted at length for fear of identification by stylometry. According to Gellman, prior to their first meeting in person, Snowden wrote, "I understand that I will be made to suffer for my actions, and that the return of this information to the public marks my end.

In May , Snowden was permitted temporary leave from his position at the NSA in Hawaii, on the pretext of receiving treatment for his epilepsy. After disclosing the copied documents, Snowden promised that nothing would stop subsequent disclosures. In June , he said, "All I can say right now is the US government is not going to be able to cover this up by jailing or murdering me.

Truth is coming, and it cannot be stopped. On May 20, , Snowden flew to Hong Kong , [82] where he was staying when the initial articles based on the leaked documents were published, [] beginning with The Guardian on June 5. The Guardian ' s chief editor, Alan Rusbridger , credited Snowden for having performed a public service. The ongoing publication of leaked documents has revealed previously unknown details of a global surveillance apparatus run by the United States' NSA [] in close cooperation with three of its Five Eyes partners: On June 5, , media reports documenting the existence and functions of classified surveillance programs and their scope began and continued throughout the entire year.

He said the U. The NSA's top-secret black budget , obtained from Snowden by The Washington Post , exposed the successes and failures of the 16 spy agencies comprising the U. It was revealed that the NSA was harvesting millions of email and instant messaging contact lists, [] searching email content, [] tracking and mapping the location of cell phones, [] undermining attempts at encryption via Bullrun [] [] and that the agency was using cookies to piggyback on the same tools used by Internet advertisers "to pinpoint targets for government hacking and to bolster surveillance.

The agency's intelligence-gathering operations had targeted, among others, oil giant Petrobras , Brazil's largest company. In October , Glenn Greenwald said "the most shocking and significant stories are the ones we are still working on, and have yet to publish. By October , Snowden's disclosures had created tensions [] [] between the U. Their stated goal was to "dramatically increase mastery of the global network" and to acquire adversaries' data from "anyone, anytime, anywhere.

Snowden said in a January interview with German television that the NSA does not limit its data collection to national security issues, accusing the agency of conducting industrial espionage. Using the example of German company Siemens , he said, "If there's information at Siemens that's beneficial to US national interests—even if it doesn't have anything to do with national security—then they'll take that information nevertheless. In February , during testimony to the European Union, Snowden said of the remaining undisclosed programs, "I will leave the public interest determinations as to which of these may be safely disclosed to responsible journalists in coordination with government stakeholders.

The newspaper said it had examined documents including emails, message texts, and online accounts, that support the claim. In an August interview, Snowden for the first time disclosed a cyberwarfare program in the works, codenamed MonsterMind , that would automate detection of a foreign cyberattack as it began and automatically fire back.

And then we end up shooting back at a Russian hospital. Snowden first contemplated leaking confidential documents around but held back, partly because he believed the newly elected Barack Obama might introduce reforms.

Snowden said he wanted to "embolden others to step forward" by demonstrating that "they can win. In December , upon learning that a U. In January , Snowden said his "breaking point" was "seeing the Director of National Intelligence, James Clapper, directly lie under oath to Congress. Seeing that really meant for me there was no going back. Beyond that, it was the creeping realization that no one else was going to do this.

The public had a right to know about these programs. In May , Snowden took a leave of absence, telling his supervisors he was returning to the mainland for epilepsy treatment, but instead left Hawaii for Hong Kong [] where he arrived on May Snowden told Guardian reporters in June that he had been in his room at the Mira Hotel since his arrival in the city, rarely going out.

Snowden vowed to challenge any extradition attempt by the U. Glenn Greenwald said Snowden was motivated by a need to "ingratiate himself to the people of Hong Kong and China. After leaving the Mira Hotel, Snowden stayed in a cramped apartment with other refugees seeking asylum in Hong Kong, an arrangement set up by Tibbo to hide from the authorities. They haven't been able to, because it's false.

State Department spokesman rejected the explanation of technical noncompliance, accusing the Hong Kong government of deliberately releasing a fugitive despite a valid arrest warrant and after having sufficient time to prohibit his travel.

In October , Snowden said that before flying to Moscow, he gave all the classified documents he had obtained to journalists he met in Hong Kong, and kept no copies for himself. He asserted "a planeload of reporters documented the seat I was supposed to be in" when he was ticketed for Havana , but the U. According to Greenwald, Snowden's passport was valid when he departed Hong Kong but was revoked during the hours he was in transit to Moscow, preventing him from obtaining a ticket to leave Russia.

Greenwald said Snowden was thus forced to stay in Moscow and seek asylum. According to one Russian report, Snowden planned to fly from Moscow through Havana to Latin America; however, Cuba told Moscow it would not allow the Aeroflot plane carrying Snowden to land.

Following Snowden's arrival in Moscow, the White House expressed disappointment in Hong Kong's decision to allow him to leave. Secretary of State John Kerry said that Snowden's passport was cancelled "within two hours" of the charges against Snowden being made public [3] which was Friday, June Without any judicial order, the administration now seeks to stop me exercising a basic right.

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EFF is suing the U. Department of Transportation for information about domestic drones. As the government begins to make policy decisions about the use of these aircraft, the public needs to know more about how and why these drones are being used to surveil United States citizens.

Lynch said a good start towards increasing public knowledge about the programs — and the risks they pose to civil liberties — would be to know who wants to use drones, and who is getting permission to do so.

The LAPD will be providing support for the exercises, which will also be held in other portions of the greater Los Angeles area, police said. The training, which a department official said would involve helicopters, has been coordinated with local authorities and owners of the training sites, police said. Police said safety precautions have been taken to prevent risk to the general public and military personnel involved. The exercises are closed to the public, police said. The exercises are designed to ensure the military's ability to operate in urban environments, prepare forces for upcoming overseas deployments, and meet mandatory training certification requirements, police said.

Update 25 JAN Homeland Security crews installed 75 cameras that will keep an eye on downtown Indianapolis and the thousands of fans that will pack the Circle City throughout the day celebration. Department of Homeland Security. Over the last nine years, Indianapolis has used the grants to purchase cameras, bomb suits and other technologies to keep people safe.

The idea that terrorists have the ability to attack such a highly guarded event is absurd in its own right and is simply the cover for getting Americans to accept the coming police state throughout the country. The entire terrorist narrative has been completely debunked with most terror attacks and attempted attacks actually being carried out by elements of numerous federal agencies themselves. No guns or turrets on tanks. Could be going somewhere to get installed or could be transported without them.

If you know more information please contact TheGovRag. I began filming this after a dozen or so train cars went by on a stretch of track south of Santa Cruz California. Where are the military vehicles going? Why are they being shipped? What could this possibly be for?

Barack Obama, what are you up to? Here are 3 other videos, uploaded the same day of this same train. Department of Defense is delegating the war on drugs to private mercenary companies. There is no reason for them to be there. TPH is encouraging feedback about these rail cars. This was NOT an oversized load, so the escort becomes suspicious. No one was allowed to pass this procession and the backup of traffic was horrendous. Spotted in Texas Dec dcbama Jamaat ul-Fuqra, known in the U.

We are dealing with evil at its roots and its roots are America. Though Gilani and his organization is suspected of committing assassinations and firebombings inside the U. Terrorist Training Camps Around the U. In the video, producers visited some camps, attempted to visit others and interviewed neighbors and local police officials. The recruitment video shows American converts to Islam being instructed in the operation of AK rifles, rocket launchers and machine guns and C4 explosives.

It provides instruction in how to kidnap Americans, kill them and how to conduct sabotage and subversive operations. Note from The Government Rag: They all have gun turrets and some sort of shield on the front that holds a weapon. After responding to this tip, the eyewitness further stated: They all seem to be fitted for urban warfare rather than battle equipped.

Considering the fact that Indefinite detention of Americans by the military is now the law of the land, this information is very startling. While many within the military are on the side of the American people, the fact remains that the powers that be are clearly attempting to use them against the people. I am located in North Central Idaho in the Rockies. Ground crews never located any wreckage or signs of a crash.

The ones I saw carried side arms. Government censors document revealing plans to Wage War on Americans. Numerous convoys holding weapons traveling with gun turret manned and holding weapons as if they are on patrol duty on I95 and I75W and I96 near Detroit area. Spencer asked Special Forces advisor what he thought about this and he said, "it is highly unusual to have the turrets manned on US roads" and was concerned about this information and manned turrets off base. The adviser also told "Spencer" that, "I don't know what the 'half-moons' unless they are playing wargames.

Funky-shaped aircraft passes through Cowley. It was an experimental military aircraft being toted from coast to coast, according to undersheriff Bill Mueller. Law enforcement in Winfield , Ark City and the sheriffs department, helped escort the craft from the Kay County line to the Butler line this morning. Mueller said local authorities were asked to keep very quiet about the load being hauled through, so as not to attract too many onlookers.

On Sunday, the craft spent the night just across from First Council Casino in Oklahoma , where it drew some attention. Northrop Grumman, a defense systems contractor, is the company moving the aircraft across the country. Based on discussions he had with those handling the move, hauling it was the most economical way to relocate it, Mueller said. While the plane looks flying-saucer-esque, it has wings - removed for the haul - that when attached give it a more conventional look.

Smile, you are a Civilian Internee! While this might sound tame and harmless to some, upon reading the job description a troubling picture emerges. This is a classic example of Orwellian language. Global Security Newswire - The U. The defense materials would bridge the time gap between an incident and the delivery of countermeasures from the U. Thirty-eight containers have been distributed across Missouri , including 11 around Kansas City.

Terrorists said to be infiltrating military? Nidal Malik Hasan, 41, has been charged in the killing of 13 people and wounding of 29 others in the worst shootings ever to take place on an American military base.

Army camps around the United States. The document was passed on to us by a state government employee who wishes to remain anonymous for obvious reasons. Press TV An analyst informs that the US has its army on standby against the Occupy and student movement as the economic situation in America deteriorates day by day.

The authorities though are getting nervous and even vicious toward the protesters. The army is being readied to move in. A law will allow the US government to disappear anybody - there's fascism for you. They may censor the internet; and there are demands for war to hide the true situation. And the reason for all this is in fact the overall economic situation. If you start with Europe where the Euro could be weeks even days away from collapse, which could result with the sovereign debt of Europe being defaulted.

That will mean billions even trillion of payments by the USA banks, which hold the derivatives or the insurance. However, they don't have the money to pay. Recently the Bank of America moved 70 trillion - that's 70 trillion dollars worth of derivatives to a Bank of America commercial holding company, which is government insured. Now, 70 trillion is larger than the global economy. So if you put it all together the USA is getting very very nervous that the whole thing is about to blow up and of course at that point the protests and demonstrations in the USA will multiply by a factor of perhaps three or five and they are getting ready to go in with a fascist suppression.

The protesters are actually representing not just deep unease, but the nasty reality of 20 percent unemployment overall with a 40 percent unemployment amongst youth groups, blacks and Hispanics - As for the homelessness, it is hidden.

Homelessness is now out in the woodlands and scrublands away from general perception, but it is rising very fast as is also the number of people who are on food stamps. So it is not just a question of the courage of the protesters - and they are being brave - it's that the situation is deteriorating very rapidly. And the authorities can see that not only the nitty gritty detail of the population is getting worse, but they can see that the overall banking collapse is getting worse.

So one way or another the authorities are showing signs of vicious as a prelude to what will be panic. And I'm afraid with panic will come irresponsible violence. Stratrisks The US military has some of the most advanced killing equipment in the world that allows it to invade almost wherever it likes at will.

We produce so much military equipment that inventories of military robots, M assault rifles, helicopters, armored vehicles, and grenade launchers eventually start to pile up and it turns a lot of these weapons are going straight to American police forces to be used against US citizens. Thanks to it, cops in Cobb County , Ga. The sheriff of Richland County , S. To date, more than of these tanklike vehicles have been sold by Lenco, its Massachusetts-based manufacturer, according to a report in the Orlando Sentinel.

Then they acquire the equipment, they create a paramilitary unit, and everything seems fine. Coast To Coast Caller. Amping Up Brain Function: Electrical stimulation of subjects' brains is found to accelerate learning in military and civilian subjects, although researchers are yet wary of drawing larger conclusions about the mechanism.

Pilot training is currently one of the biggest bottlenecks in deploying these new, deadly weapons. So Air Force researchers were delighted recently to learn that they could cut training time in half by delivering a mild electrical current two milliamperes of direct current for 30 minutes to pilot's brains during training sessions on video simulators. The current is delivered through EEG electroencephalographic electrodes placed on the scalp. Will a Tucson-based 'fortress' under renovation be linked to a secretly known, yet undisclosed catastrophic event?

More important, neither did the source, and as far as he knew, only Laura and I were coming to Hong Kong. And Laura, who plans everything meticulously, was also bound to be furious at this sudden change in our plans.

Who has vetted him? Given how much the Guardian had at stake, I reasoned that they likely wanted someone they knew very well—a longtime company man—to tell them what was going on with the source and to assure them that this story was something they should do.

Besides, Gibson would need the full support and approval of the Guardian editors in London, who knew me even less well than she did. She probably wanted to bring in someone who could make London feel safe, and Ewen fit that bill perfectly.

I went back to Gibson with what seemed like a smart compromise, but she was determined. Clearly, Ewen coming with us to Hong Kong was crucial to the Guardian. Gibson would need assurances about what was happening there and a way to assuage any worries her bosses in London might have.

But Laura was just as adamant that we would travel alone. And they were sending him on that plane no matter what. In the car on the way to the airport, Laura and I had our first and only argument. I gave her the news as soon as the car pulled out of the hotel and she exploded with anger. I was jeopardizing the entire arrangement, she insisted. It was unconscionable to bring some stranger in at this late stage.

And Ewen would only meet the source when we were ready. To placate her anger, I even offered not to go, a suggestion she instantly rejected. We sat in miserable, angry silence for ten minutes as the car was stuck in traffic on the way to JFK. I knew Laura was right: In a short time, we returned to a state of calm. Ewen was already at our gate when we arrived. Laura and I were cordial but cold, ensuring that he felt excluded, that he had no role until we were ready to give him one.

He was the only present target for our irritation, so we treated him like extra baggage with which we had been saddled. Laura had given me a five-minute tutorial on the secure computer system in the car and said she intended to sleep on the plane. She handed over the thumb drive and suggested that I start looking at her set of documents.

Once we arrived in Hong Kong, she said, the source would ensure I had full access to my own complete set. For the next sixteen hours, despite my exhaustion, I did nothing but read, feverishly taking notes on document after document.

A lot of them were worse. One of the first I read was an order from the secret Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act FISA court, which had been created by Congress in , after the Church Committee discovered decades of abusive government eavesdropping.

The idea behind its formation was that the government could continue to engage in electronic surveillance, but to prevent similar abuse, it had to obtain permission from the FISA court before doing so.

I had never seen a FISA court order before. The court is one of the most secretive institutions in the government. All of its rulings are automatically designated top secret, and only a small handful of people are authorized to access its decisions. The ruling I read on the plane to Hong Kong was amazing for several reasons. Virtually nobody had any idea that the Obama administration was doing any such thing.

Now, with this ruling, I not only knew about it but had the secret court order as proof. Moreover, the court order specified that the bulk collection of American telephone records was authorized by Section of the Patriot Act. Almost more than the ruling itself, this radical interpretation of the Patriot Act was especially shocking.

But nobody—not even the hawkish Republican House members who authored the Patriot Act back in or the most devoted civil liberties advocates who depicted the bill in the most menacing light—thought that the law empowered the US government to collect records on everyone , in bulk and indiscriminately. I knew as soon as I saw the FISA court order that this was at least part of the abusive and radical surveillance programs Wyden and Udall had tried to warn the country about.

I could barely wait to publish it, sure that its exposure would trigger an earthquake, and that calls for transparency and accountability were sure to follow. And this was just one of hundreds of top secret documents I read on my way to Hong Kong. This had already happened three times before: Only now did I feel that I was truly beginning to process the true magnitude of the leak. On several occasions on the flight, Laura came over to the row where I was sitting, which faced the bulkhead of the plane.

Laura had been working for years on the subject of NSA surveillance, herself repeatedly subjected to its abuses. I had been writing about the threat posed by unconstrained domestic surveillance going back to , when I published my first book, warning of the lawlessness and radicalism of the NSA.

With this work, both of us had struggled against the great wall of secrecy shielding government spying: How do you document the actions of an agency so completely shrouded in multiple layers of official secrecy?

At this moment, we had breached that wall. We had in our possession, on the plane, thousands of documents that the government had desperately tried to hide. We had evidence that would indisputably prove all that the government had done to destroy the privacy of Americans and people around the world.

As I continued reading, two things struck me about the archive. The first was how extraordinarily well organized it was. The source had created countless folders and then sub-folders and sub-sub-folders. Every last document had been placed exactly where it belonged. I never found a single misplaced or misfiled document. I had spent years defending what I view as the heroic acts of Chelsea then Bradley Manning, the army private and whistle-blower who became so horrified at the behavior of the US government—its war crimes and other systematic deceit—that she risked her liberty to disclose classified documents to the world through WikiLeaks.

But Manning was criticized unfairly and inaccurately, I believe for supposedly leaking documents that she had not first reviewed—in contrast to Daniel Ellsberg, the critics speculated.

It was clear that nothing of the sort could be said about our NSA source. There was no question that he had carefully reviewed every document he had given us, that he had understood their meaning, then meticulously placed each one in an elegantly organized structure. The other striking facet of the archive was the extent of government lying it revealed, evidence of which the source had prominently flagged. It also contained proof that the NSA had been collecting telephone and email data about millions of Americans every day.

One map in the file showed that for a thirty-day period ending in February , one unit of the NSA collected more than three billion pieces of communication data from US communication systems alone. For years, various senators had asked the NSA for a rough estimate of how many Americans were having their calls and emails intercepted. The officials insisted they were unable to answer because they did not and could not maintain such data: In sixteen hours of barely interrupted reading, I managed to get through only a small fraction of the archive.

But as the plane landed in Hong Kong, I knew two things for certain. First, the source was highly sophisticated and politically astute, evident in his recognition of the significance of most of the documents.

He was also highly rational. The way he chose, analyzed, and described the thousands of documents I now had in my possession proved that. Second, it would be very difficult to deny his status as a classic whistle-blower. Shortly before landing, I read one final file. This document was another explanation from the source for why he had chosen to do what he did and what he expected to happen as a result, and it was similar in tone and content to the manifesto I had shown the Guardian editors.

But this document had facts the others did not. Referring to events that proceeded from the NSA scandal, the note ended this way:. Here, now, at home, we suffer a government that only grudgingly allows limited oversight, and refuses accountability when crimes are committed. When officials at the highest levels of power, to specifically include the Vice President, are found on investigation to have personally directed such a criminal enterprise, what should happen?

I understand that I will be made to suffer for my actions, and that the return of this information to the public marks my end. I will be satisfied if the federation of secret law, unequal pardon, and irresistible executive powers that rule the world that I love are revealed for even an instant. If you seek to help, join the open source community and fight to keep the spirit of the press alive and the internet free.

I have been to the darkest corners of government, and what they fear is light. Click here to expand the notes section to view on your screen. Oxford University Press, , 1— A Tool for Freedom or Suppression?

John Tomero et al. New York, November 27, New York, , https: Dutch Ruppersberger, Investigative Report on the U. House of Representatives, th Cong. Warren and Louis D. Knopf, , 4—5. First published by Secker and Warburg, Verso, , Essential Works of Foucault, — , vol. Robert Hurley New York: New Press, , White and Philip G. Zimbardo, The Chilling Effects of Surveillance: ACM Press, , — ACM Press, , 41— The Discovery of J. Knopf, , Johanna Hamilton, Maximum Pictures, News, May 20, Defense Department Science Blog blog , October 24, Click here to expand the index to view on your screen.

See also freedom Democracy Now! See also surveillance; warrantless wiretapping scandal; Snowden, Edward J. Army, 13—14, 40 U. Congress, 5, 27, 30, 32, 74, 81, 92, , —31, , , —21, U. Constitution, 5, 24, , , , — See also specific amendments and rights U.

Supreme Court, , U. Trade Representative, upstream surveillance, , , Utah data storage facility, 24, He then got to the crux of what he viewed as his mission: I was about to find out, from the best possible guide. Within an hour, the source himself emailed me. Hello Just a quick update.

I made it over to Teufelsberg yesterday monday with a couple of friends. We walked a little way along the fence, noting most of it had been shored up with metal, mesh, barbed wire, seemingly anything to hand. We had assumed it might be quiet on a monday, but arrived near the gate to find 7 or 8 folk who had already paid up to a frail looking fellow with a clipboard.

To be honest, having read through the comments on here thanks btw! Perhaps a little pessimistic At first, it was a little annoying that the guy insisted we stay with him and the group, but you know, it's not a big site, yet there's enough space to explore without feeling as if you're in each other's pockets.

They gave us plenty time to take photos and i took tons , have a poke around and check out the amazing acoustics. I wouldn't say everything felt super-organised, it was pretty lo-fi, but there was a presence that I think would be hard to avoid, there were atleast 3 guys on-site one wearing a go-pro for some reason and there were already more folk waiting to go in when we left they locked the gate when we got in.

So, pretty popular, even on a monday. It's an amazing place regardless of how you enter the premises. But that's just my humble of course, however you do it, just go, you won't regret it. Thanks for the up-to-date information on Teufelsberg - wanting the sun to come out so that I can eventually go! There was a man dropping objects to a guy below from the opening in the today to.

There seemed to be quite a lot of noise. Didn't approach the security as I wanted to keep low key. Explored the towers on May 30th.

Such an incredible experience! We saw a couple get escorted out for sneaking in without paying. Meanwhile we signed the waiver, saw a lot of incredible graffiti and entered the echo chamber at the top of the highest tower. Check out this Panorama of the inside of the echo chamber. It may be closed, but if you make some noise, someone will eventually come and let you in.

Im going in an eveneing and im certainly not paying. Just did Spree park tonight and it was great. Send me a msg. They've made it hard to sneak in without paying, so if there's no other option, and you're still determined to see it, then paying may be your only hope. I worked there in the early 80's as a linguist in the US Air Force. Just visited Monday and went round the whole perimeter trying to find somewhere to sneak in, but any previous holes have been patched up with barbed wire, more fencing etc.

Tried pulling at the patching but to no avail. As we were wandering round, saw two guys inside and asked them about getting in. They told us about a tour and to carry on going to the gate, said they worked for the place by clearing up.

When we got to the gate there was a painted sign, stating the place was patrolled by security, police would be called if you tried to sneak in. We tried to barter with the guy on the other side, asking for a quick 5minutes but told it was "unsafe" without guide. Whilst there didn't see any security as such and appears people are living there as we asked what a loud humming noise was, a generator, although he said that theoretically no one was living there.

It's a shame that it seems unlikely you can explore on your own but still an amazing experience and would definitely recommend it.

From reading other comments on this blog, it seems that this a good money maker for those are occupying it and will probably remain difficult to sneak in. Yeah, I wrote about the goons now charging money to get in and see the place in two other separate posts. You're right - it's a good money-maker for those occupying it. Somebody apparently rents it from the developer who wanted to build luxury apartments.

There are guys who wander around the perimeter all day so even if you bring your own cutters and cut the fence, odds are they will fix it and notify security before you have a chance to leave. If you want to tag some walls there you can send them an email and you can go in for free to add your art to the wall.

A lot of the holes in the floor in the main building has been fixed, debris swept out and lights added. It feels a lot different now and a little more safe than it did before any work had been done - basically it loses its creepiness factor which is partly why you go to abandoned places. The tower is still really cool and while I don't like paying, I would still recommend trying to check it out. I wrote about the people renting it from the owner in another post.

I agree - it's not as good with the goons around, but probably still work checking out if you haven't been before. The fiftieth anniversary of the shift from mobile to fixed operations on Teufelsberg, is being marked by a special Commemorative issue of Cinderella Stamps. The designer is T. Hill, the award winning author of two novels about Field Station Berlin.

The first day of issue of the Cinderella Stamps is 25 September The unveiling of the stamps will take place at WerkStadt on Wednesday September 25 at 2pm This is a free event that everyone is welcome to attend. The anniversary is also being marked by the presentation of a memorial plaque to Dipl. I'm in Berlin at the moment. Really fancy a visit to Teufelsberg but I don't want to spend my limited time in Berlin going there to find the place closed and unable to have a look around.

They have tours at weekends. It started at 1pm Sunday and finished at nearly 3pm but we were all very pleased to have done it. Hi Well this is an interesting read. There were Grunnie Pigs. One had piglets right next to the main gate, the Americans provided straw bales to protect them, or protect us from the mother!! The Facility the American eatery was a novelty. Wish I had gone there when I was back in Berlin in August last year. One the list to visit next time.

A guided tour would be ok, even the "officila" ones. Does anybody have a link to who's running these tours? Just Google it, man. Or look at the other Teufelsberg posts. I'm not going to give them any further publicity here. Hey Jane, I'd love to hear more from you if you'd be interested in sharing your stories. Please get in touch! We made our way to the top, quite surprised by the security hanging round the main entrance.

Weve been discussing the entrance fee and so on Such space should be freely accesible at your own risk. Really, instead of money, i recommend you to bring your fellas and knifes and guns and take over the place. Guys there, growing moss in between their teeth and shaking for another hit wont resist for too long i guess. If you liked the first series, this one is even better: More analogue pics taken at Teufelsberg during last summer http: Yes, the tourists are everything wrong with this beautiful city.

If only there were no tourists, what a wonderful place it would be! No more stealing because only tourists steal, right? They don't contribute anything at all , no more complaining because Berliners never complain about anything , no more vandalism because only tourists destroy what they see and no more hate for the locals oh how they despite the locals!

I was at teufelsberg 19 German and Russian lingie it was high adventure to me. I feel like Berlin is my hometown met so many nice german people is my home town. I met so many nice German people. Went here last summer, yes, there are people charging an entrance fee at the door, but its totally worth it!

Take the fun out of 'sneaking in', but its a beautiful site so we didn't mind. Here are a few photos I took: I suggest going into the dome at the very top and scream as loud as you can, it echos like mad!

We went there yesterday - amazing - you could hurt yourself really easy and badly, so appreciated the guides. If they are squatting the place then it's theirs to charge entry if they want. It's a site of historical importance. I'm sure you'd think differently if they were squatting your house.

Went there today and the fence is pretty solid all the way around and it sounds like there are a number of people inside at most hours of the day. Pretty tight operation but you could get over the main gate as long as you're not seen. The run tours for 7 euro from until sundown, and 15 euros for a "Historical Tour"..

Seems like a bunch of hypocrite punks trolling what could be a very cool site. Went there last Sunday, very early. I succeed to enter by a very little space between the ground and the down of the first gate, the other gates were disemboweled. Amazing site, with a beautiful view, ideal to have a picnic. I spent two hours and a half there. I had some luck: Me and my boyfriend are going to Berlin in a couple weeks and we'd love to visit this place.

I'm glad to see there are pretty recent comments here from people who had a good experience. Only, i have a couple questions If we get to Grunewald through the S-Bahn, is it rather easy to find the place? How much time does that take? Thanks for a great post and blog! Thanks for the post. The situation now is that you MUST be part of a tour and pay 15 euro.

Tell them you're a student and just show any ID and you'll get in for 8 euro. It's an overall shady situation and angered me. We were on a tour with about 50 other people.

The guide was nice enough, and said he'd give English explanations as well. But then he didn't. He seemed to think that was funny. So is it worth to go there now? I have only been there 4 years ago, and made a grill, drunk a beer and enjoyed the view.. Is it still like that? Or you must do a tour, and than leave? I'm afraid those days of simply enjoying the view with a beer are gone. They were good while it lasted - too good. Someone saw an opportunity to make money and swooped in.

Still, you never know what may happen in future. I have just returned from Berlin with my mum and dad 6th August and we went to visit this place and would like to say dont believe all the rumours of Stasi style security and con artist tour guides it is all a myth.

It may have been the case a couple of years ago but the site is occupied by an artist commune with the agreement of the owners who are an architect consortium and allow them to produce their works of art on the walls etc of the compound. Other artists were entering and leaving the site with spray cans and using the masses of wall space with their graffiti art.

The 3 of us were under the same impression that it would be impossible to get into the site preparing ourselves to give a 'back-hander' to any security on site but it wasn't needed at all. We walked up the winding footpath as couldn't trace the main road from the tourist map and then followed the perimeter fence round to the gate. There was plenty of holes crudely patched up with bits of barbed wire and scrap metal and on approaching the gate a young art student greeted us.

He opened the gate and charged 7 euros each and gave us a quick rundown of who he was and who was on the site and walked us to a tour that had only just started. The actual tour guide was very good and stated that they had met the owners and he bascially liked what they were doing with the place as it was giving it a sort of 'edge' with the all the graffiti etc and set up a deal for them to occupy the site legititmately in return for keeping the fences secure and making sure no one breaks in and causes damage.

It was far from your old style school trips he let everyone walk around whilst giving a rundown of what happened where with full access to the towers and listening dombs and all their artwork and sculptures. He furtther stated that even though the site can't be developed at the moment and basically has to stay like it is for the foreseeable futures the owners still have had plenty of offers from investors wanting to buy it for well over what they paid for it. Unfortunately due to the site having no running water or power and lack of torches he was unable to take us down to the underground tunnel systems that are apparantely all still in tact that linked up the buildings.

We had plenty of time to take photos walk round with very little restrictions and even though there was no uniforms or what looked like complete lack of authority it was carried out in a very professional manor.

As we walked out another group of people were waiting and a dutch family had a car which they opened the gate fully to allow them to park on the site. Hope this helps to quash any rumours and 'urban legends' of gaining access to this superb example of history. I second the comments from "August 6". I was at Teufelsberg on Tuesday, August 5. It was little bit spooky approaching the site this way.

Don't come this way. Just go to the Heerstrasse S-bahn stop and walk on the Teufelsseestrasse. You can even drive to the site, there's a parking lot on Teufelsseestrasse. It's about a 1 km walk from the Heerstrasse stop. When I got to the main gate there were some older German guys who were fairly nice, took my 7 Euros, stamped me on my hand and I waited for the next tour.

A nice lady took us around most of the site, including the main building under the big tower, then the level with the two.. It was very interesting. She told us the history of the site as well as what is being done to preserve it. We also went a bit into the office? There's not much left besides the walls in the buildings. It is really a great experience, especially if you are interested in Berlin history. Long story short, sorry it's not really a place to sneak into anymore. You could, but it's not worth it.

Just pay the 7 Euro and take the tour. Maybe do it sooner rather than later. I just read in the news that part of the Spreepark site burned down; I suppose it's possible that something similar could happen at Teufelsberg.

Put it this way: It was free for all to visit, enjoy the views and roam at will. Now there are people charging admission. If you're happy to do a tour and you feel it's worth it, go ahead. I was there with some friends last weekend and we were obediently waiting for the tour. When we sat there some guy climbed over the fence it looked really hard and dangerous so I tought he did a good job getting over.

Within 10 minutes he got caught by the guy "in charge". And then the weirdest thing happened: He asked if we tought the place was abandoned and that it's a crime in Germany when you break in blablabla. We basically ignored him because he was being unreasonable. So we all everyone filled it in with fake names.

So he got mad about that saying that he was responsable for us. And then he said something really weird: He told us that 'if something happened the German law wouldn't accept some dumb contract, that he would be responsable anyway'.

Anyway after he ranted a few minutes about it and then the 'tour' started. The tour was more ranting about that it was a private property where a few people a day broke in and that these people were dumb blablabla. He showed us some graffiti at which he was really proud, told us every two minutes: Also he was constantly nagging about that they didn't have enough money to do something with the place.

He hardly told us anything about the building itself. But we got to get to the top of the tower. The accoustics there were great and the view was amazing.

Only that made it worth the trip. I worked on 'the Hill' from summer to summer I belong to a closed Facebook page for Field Station Berlin veterans and the overriding theme is how much all of us loved our work and the beautiful city and people of Berlin. The fact that Teufelsberg was abandoned and in a state of disintegration is actually a testimony to its success, but those of us who spent so much time tucked away inside that building have bittersweet feelings as we see what is left of one of the most vital outposts of the Cold War.

The tour thing is fucking annoying. I understand that this is a great thing that people can enjoy this amazing site, and that it's a good idea that people exploit it commercially and take care of the place but it's just badly organized and understaffed. There are 2 options: I got there at 3h10, and was told that the next tour leaves at 3h It took me a while disclaimer: I don't speak german to figure out that it was the historical tour, and that the guide was mostly going to speak in german.

So, basically, useless to me. The 1h silent tour aka the tour for non-german speaker only started at 4h. So I had to wait 50 minutes for a 60 minute visit, which barely make sense. If yes, please share it, for the next visitors. And the poor guy that was making us pay had to open the door for cars, manage the people waiting for different tours, answer everyone's questions, and even run around catching a boar that was trying to escape.

He was also low on change, with people waiting for others to pay to get their change back. And he was also the one that took us to the towers. The whole thing was confusing, inefficient and unpleasant. The service should reflect that, and be on the level of other tours available in the city since it's charging similar money for it.

Have bilingual guides so non-german tourist can do the historical tour as well , list the tour's schedule online, have a light and mobile non-cash payment system like Square.

I hear what you're saying, but it was abandoned as a military facility, from its original purpose, so I'd still consider it "abandoned" and worth documenting, even if there are people now squatting there and making money out of it. Walked up to the old NSA station today. Joined informal ad hoc tour around 2pm. Take a torch as some of the stairwells are unlit. Graffiti art is almost as interesting as the buildings and the views.

Don't complain about the fee, it's not a lot and no-one stifles you with health and safety. An illustration in tribute to my visit here which also references this site. Some of the graffiti is truly astonishing, what a fascinating insight into an abandoned building. Clearly we had the same "guide" in August. I just figured he was impaired and took it with a grain of salt. He was not at all helpful as far as history and acted as if we should pay more to get any information.

Regardless, a fascinating visit. The guardians of the site now have a rather swanky website. Looks like they offer quite a variety of tours as well Anotrgher sketchy 'phone film' from my visit to Teufelsberg last year https: People forget that also it was a British station. I worked there for many years, really enjoyed it, very sad to see it in such a state. Should have been converted into a museum.

Suppose some of the graffiti is apt, but Berlin is covered in graffiti obviously done by some mindless people who have nothing better to do.

Such a shame to see it on what was a beautiful clean city West. I wrote that the British and Americans cooperated on their spying programs. They managed to duck out of the debate a little more easily than the Americans after the Snowden revelations.

I agree that it should be preserved as some sort of museum - it's important to remind people of the past so they're better prepared for the future. Maybe one day, if the city ever gets its act together We went down there yesterday around 12 o' clock. There were 3 layers of complete fencing running round the perimeter and a woman at the entrance with 2 big dogs. Needless to say we paid to get in and spent an hour or two following another woman around who basically led us to the main buildings and left us to take photos you have to go with the "Tour Guide", they didnt give any other option.

She answered a few questions people posed to her the same info thats on Wikipedia really. Obviously it is a cool place also on the way there we walked through the woods a bit and ended up at the "Drachenberg" which was also cool. I run the art side of things there. The issues above is why break in? I am there every 2 weeks inlcuding just getting back and there again in a fortnight. Does anyone know if you're allowed to walk freely on the area if you pay the entrance fee?

People seem to have different experience on the matter. I went to the spy station on a whim from my university group. Amazing place and excellent directions, when I was there I heard several bits of shouting from the inner organs of the main facility.

After climbing up onto the top, It was apparent that it was in fact a school group, roaming around the facility. I have no idea what they were doing there, but it was awesome to say the least.

Climbing down was sketchy as hell, but No problems with security, but I was most likely extremely lucky. Keep up the good work! Presumably, they had no headache when the Soviet bear and its cubs were being watched in order to keep them at bay. There's plenty of documentation around, looking into the good old industrial espionage etc.

I can't imagine anyone letting that opportunity pass, though. We got over the fence in a good climbing spot, but didnt get far before a large group of dogs ran at us. If you go with a tour they wont attack. However, the people there were such assholes about it. The guy yelled at us instead of getting his dog off my friend. I froze and wasnt bitten but i think this was just luck. These dogs were clearly trained to attack people not part of the tour group.

The people there were blaming us for it and didnt apologize once, although they did have a guy take us to the hospital. The woman said she didnt have time for this. Well, dont train attack dogs if you dont have time to deal with people being attacked!

Terrible people who run it. They didnt care if we were hurt at all. All they care about is money. They were charging to get it in, a lot of people were complain about the entrance fee!! Does anyone know if they are allowed to charge as they seem not to have any tourism credencial. And they were pretty scared that we'd involve the police I want to see teufelsberg so bad but have so far had no luck. The first time in I hurt my foot and had to turn back, and I tried again this June, but got totally lost in the forest, stumbled upon a nudist colony, and then ended up on a cycle path running alongside the autobahn, with a dead phone.

After three hours of walking - in the wrong direction thanks to alot of wrong directions! If you are reading this, Kai and Ricardo - thank you so much, i've looked for you online to say thanks but had no luck! Note to everyone attempting this - make sure you take a printed map, do NOT trust iphones map, and make sure your phone is completely charged before going just in case you need it!

Hi, I have to say I really like your site! I went in to Teufelsberg facility a few times, first in by chance as I came to the facility a few days after a computer game release party Metal Gear Solid 3 - the area was quite open I even saw families with babys going in etc. Shortly after in the same year it got secured by a security company which was repairing the fence as mad every time when there was a new hole.

So I took the official way and was lucky - I got the permission of the owner and even the "Bezirksamt Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf" for a whole day and got the keys from the security company - that was December I went there a few more times without permission then until end of Once you are in it is quite easy to hide, because the buildings are all connected together the personnel never had to go outside - only for lunch!

But even in these days, most of the remaining technical facilities air condition, document incenrator etc. But as I have seen, it got even worse now, also the towers etc. There is a quite interesting site report from CCC Chaos Computer Club showing the facility in a quite good state apparemtly from the early ies: But as the condition of the whole site is really bad now, I am not sure if it is still worth going in while risking trouble with the security or even paying for it.

You can find many pictures in the internet of it under better condition. To go there is quite easy: Follow the Teufelsseechaussee almost until end and then follow the way right into the wood, best checked in Google Maps before. I think its an ok price for not jumping over the fence or getting bitten by a dog.

And kids up to 14 are free! So, to the place, just 3 words: The view is amazing and as it was pretty windy, it was quite spooky. Combined with the really rotten and quite dangeous place and really phantastic graffities, I put this on my todo-list with all my next visitors! It was a busy sunday and there were several groups. We got up to the roof more or less together, but we stayed much longer about 2 hours and meanwhile there was nobody around, so if you are lucky you could maybe sneak around a bit.

But to be fair, the tower and the way to there is definitly the highlight and most pictures I was from this place, you'll see on the way there. I was there on Sunday with my boyfriend we jumped the fence.

We were approached by an angry girl who claimed we needed to pay 7 Euros for a tour.

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