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Stephen Scallorn was born on February 23, in St. He was almost years old. The Scallorns moved on to western Tennessee where he and Polly settled. Stephen began a successful practice of medicine for the next 25 years. Polly died on March 10, , shortly after the birth of her eleventh child. On the 23rd of April, , he married Martha Bullock with whom he fathered three more children.
Stephen and Martha moved to Fayette County, Texas in It was built on property located on Criswell Creek near the Criswell family cemetery, a short distance east of the community of West Point, Texas.
They reconciled and talked all night. Stephen Scallorn is credited with building and helping to organize a total of three Baptist churches: Stephen is buried in the cemetery near where the old Primitive Baptist Church once stood near Upton in Bastrop County. He is not buried in a Scallorn family cemetery as indicated on a nearby historic marker. He was attracted to the Republic by the favorable accounts of his oldest son John Wesley Scallorn, who served with the Texas army in the battle of San Jacinto.
Stephen Scallorn and his brother, William, came to Texas with their families in and settled in the vicinity of Plum Creek in Fayette County The marker further reads: Bernard Scherrer was one of the first three settlers in the Biegel Settlement, the second oldest German settlement in Texas, which was located in Fayette County, Texas.
He was born in St. Gallen, Switzerland, on August 20, He was educated there but left at the age of twenty-two and moved to America, arriving in New York. He then went to St. Louis and down the Mississippi River to New Orleans. There he joined Detlef Dunt, a German traveler and writer, and sailed to Texas.
From Brazoria he traveled on foot to San Felipe, where he applied for a headright and rejoined Dunt. From there, they traveled to Mill Creek, later called Industry. Scherrer stayed for a while with Johann Friedrich Ernst, and while there he taught Ernst how to roll cigars, since tobacco was a major crop.
Ernst then began a cigar business. Scherrer received a headright Certificate Number 27 in Colorado County for one-third league of land. Joseph Biegel had received a land grant from the Mexican government and persuaded Scherrer to buy one-quarter of a league of land from him and settle in what was later called Biegel Settlement. Since neither Biegel nor his wife could read or write, Scherrer was an asset to them and the community. He owned a freighting business and was a successful farmer and a leading citizen.
Also, he served in the volunteer unit of the "Dixie Greys" during the Civil War. It was organized on June 8, Also, he served as county commissioner in charge of roads and bridges from Biegel to Rutersville along the La Bahia Road. He was appointed commissioner in and They had seven children. Bernard Scherrer lived on his farm in the Biegel Settlement until his death on November 15, All that remained of the Scherrer estate in was a little log cabin in Henkel Square in Round Top.
The cabin was his first home in Texas. It bears a historical marker erected in with the following text:. After serving in Burleson's regiment during the Texas Revolution, he received a land grant in Colorado County but settled in Biegel settlement Fayette County about Here he served as justice of the peace, county commissioner, and in he married Gesine Eliza Margarete Koch.
He left his civic, farming and freighting duties to serve in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. This cabin, Scherrer's first residence in Texas, was moved to this location in Charles Henry Schiege, Sr. His parents were Carl and Johanna Wagner Schiege. Charles traveled to Texas in and , returning to Prussia each time.
Carolina was born on August 6, in Neisse, Silesia. Charles and Carolina had four children, with only one living to adulthood.
His vocation was cabinet maker, chair maker, locksmith and machinist. General William Webb, Commander at Fayetteville for six months. Carolina Schiege died on June 4, at 72 years of age. Their only surviving son, Charles Henry Schiege, Jr. By , he was living with his parents on Block 29 adjoining the small village of Round Top. Frenzel on April 19, Emma was born on August 18, and died on January 26, without having children. On November 30, , Charles H.
Her parents were Heinrich and Katherine Truede Becker. Marie was born on July 5, in Round Top. Henry Charles, born August 7, and died May 30, Charles Adolph William, born June 30, He married Ida B. Katherine Justine, born on November 26, Katherine died on February 21, Lina Marie, born on March 10, Lina died on May 15, Frederich Charles, born on November 11, Marie Emma, a twin, born on March 26, Minnie Louise, a twin, born on March 26, Annie Emma, born on November 5, Annie died on December 18, Friedolin Gustav, born on March 25, Lily was born on August 16, Friedolin died on January 31, They are both buried in the Florida Chapel Cemetery.
Frieda Marie, born on September 8, Charles Henry Schiege, Jr. Charles served as town marshal and alderman of the Round Top Town Council. The Schiege property on Block 29 in Round Top contained the family private house, a cigar factory , a cigar manager house, a carriage shed, a barn, stables and a large vegetable garden. The house was built on a terrace and was surrounded by a picket fence. The house has three cellars, one lined with rock with cement flooring for a cooling effect to preserve milk, butter and eggs.
The second cellar was for laundry and had a pipe that drained the washing water into a nearby gully. The third cellar was an area for potatoes, onions and other vegetables. The house also had a cistern that caught rainwater from the roof. The interior of the house was painted blue. There are large front porches on both levels of the front of the house with the ceilings painted blue. It is said that Charles would sit for hours in the late afternoon listening to classical music, playing his Edison record player that he obtained by mail from New York.
The cigar manager house was located near the back of the Schiege property. This house was for a single or a married man and his family, who managed the cigar factory for Charles H. The manager house was a cottage of German vernacular design built in of native lumber. The house has square feet downstairs with a small porch. The finished attic is around square feet. This manager house was called the Schiege Dependency House, because it depended upon the use of other buildings.
The cigar factory building built in of native lumber was a one-room frame building with a porch facing inside the property. The street side had stone steps from the front door down to the street below. Inside the building, a curved counter separated a working area and tobacco bins from an office. Several work stations were attached to one wall. The attic was finished. Beds lined the area for single men, who worked in the factory, to sleep at night. There was a ladder outside the building that allowed the men to enter the upstairs sleeping quarters.
This Old Bull Unckle Eddie 2. The Pants Song Jesse James 3. Butch Didn't Attack Unckle Eddie 5. Mississippi Hustling Mother Dark Side 6. Hoodooed Cherone Brown 9.
Gerry Roberts Jody Sticker Mr. SoulThe Evolution Of Soul 3. BuchanaIt's My Time 6. Soul Every musical phrase is a pleasant surprise. You can listen to it again and again, marveling at this or that melodic element. One rarely finds such awesome technique in the company of such convincing emotion. From a purely musical standpoint, "Rehab" may very well be the best song T. Soul has ever recorded. These words from "Impala"-- "You can make me holler In the back of my Impala.
I can even imagine her singing it barefooted. Karen Wolfe's vocal exudes that down-home, funky, no-frills quality that most perfectly epitomizes the Southern Soul style. The song isn't perfect--its bare arrangement may deter some--but neither was "Man Enough," last year's career-defining hit.
What both songs have in spades is that rare and vital element: Listen to it twice, and you'll be teetering on the edge of liking it. Listen to it a full third time, and you'll be playing it for months--and glad you did. The result was L. The immediacy of experience conveyed in this vocal is nothing short of amazing. Like Karen Wolfe, L.
Echol's vocals have an indescribable homespun quality. When I first heard him, two or three years ago, I thought he was "good. Every venial sin of the chitlin' circuit is catalogued, although it's the relatively tame lines that are most hilarious: The song alternates between the romantic we're talking "romantic" from a masculine perspective here, ladies and the funny.
Romantic when it best approximates the feverish buzz of a man about to do the deed. Funny when it goes over the top and you can imagine the woman bursting into laughter.
Speaking of sexual heat, all you skinny folks in the Northeast and West who smile dismissively and roll your eyes whenever you hear that big women can be sexy, too, need to catch Sweet Angel singing "Good Girls Do Bad Things" in concert or via video stream.
You will be disabused of your prejudice. John Ward, Morris Williams et. Nice all the way back to fifties' songs like Jim Lowe's "Green Door. Only Marvin could do it like this. I know I made a mistake. And this is what musicians are talking about when they say there is only "good music" and "bad music".
You could transfer this song, as midnight-black and soulful as it sounds, intact to contemporary country and you'd still probably have a hit--maybe even bigger. Blackfoot "I'm a dog. But the "Pussy Cat Remix" is even better, transporting the song back to the days when Top 40 AM radio ruled and the great songs of the day came over the air waves riddled to a greater or lesser extent with static.
There was no talk radio. The deejays talked to their listeners while queuing up the songs, and the conversations were often disjointed and unbelievable. That's a little of what J. For being a seemingly old-fashioned kind of singer "Taxi," the Soul Children, the duets with Ann Hines, etc.
Buchana Sometimes a song comes out and although it seems a little light and generic, it strikes a chord with the audience. Now, with the radio single cover by J. Blackfoot's old singing partner, Ann Hines, we add O. Zay "They say my life ain't worth living, And time is slowly ticking away. Zay's "Hard Times" which preceded it could possibly be better. But the song is more fully fleshed-out, more sophisticated in arrangement, lushly romantic and orchestral, with even a rap verse to add just the right contrast.
Zay's beautifully-sung and awe-inspiring masterpiece. One wonders what the old song-slinger himself anticipated. It's a good little melody with recession-apropos lyrics executed with taste and wit. When Mel plays with the "Every-every-every-every"--almost as if the needle was stuck--mid-way through the song, his trademark baritone sails out of the park like a home run ball. She can be as raw as a fifteen-year-old or as seen-it-all as a streetwise senior. That it seems like only yesterday is a testament to the power of those songs.
Hummable, danceable, and meditative by turns, song after song "unleashes" an avalanche of Southern Soul. Shirley Brown's coralling today's Southern Soul standards and delivering them with a "wow" factor, just as you would imagine the Queen of Divas doing. A strong candidate for best ballad and best album of the year. Bargain-Priced Unleashed CD I just wanna know, Can you do the same for me? In any case, here's hoping he doesn't give up, because the man arrives at the Southern Soul junction with all of the tools.
The fart-sounding horn part--like the cornet player's playing with a mute and tipsy-drunk and in the act of falling backwards off his chair--was a lovely touch, lending the song the personality required of a future standard.
Nice's life as few others did in As Carl explains in the song: That makes the romance stay alive. And whenever my better half and I had a conversation about what I should wear something I never consulted a woman about when I was younger , and she said: What made the song unique was that it was really the first instance of a rap act embracing Southern Soul, and even more, understanding it, after having thoroughly absorbed it, and breathing it out of every pore.
Black Zack's "Sho' Wasn't Me" combined a straightforward vocal treatment of the finest song in contemporary Southern Soul with an amazingly charming rap track. Here's hoping the modest but constant publicity we've given it here on SouthernSoulRnB will save the song from undeserved oblivion.
There isn't another cover--even by heavyweights such as Tyrone Davis--that's finer. Shortly after this appeared, I received an e-mail of thanks from the heretofore obscure Black Zack, who says the single was produced by surprise Southern Soul's own Bruce Billups Theodis Ealey's, etc. Roll, years of promise, rapidly roll round, Till not a slave shall on this earth by found. The good we secure for ourselves is precarious and uncertain until it is secured for all of us and incorporated into our common life.
The child becomes largely what it is taught; hence we must watch what we teach it, and how we live before it. Action is indeed the sole medium of expression for ethics. Private beneficence is totally inadequate to deal with the vast numbers of the city's disinherited.
The common stock of intellectual enjoyment should not be difficult of access because of the economic position of him who would approach it. Old-fashioned ways which no longer apply to changed conditions are a snare in which the feet of women have always become readily entangled. In the unceasing ebb and flow of justice and oppression we must all dig channels as best we may, that at the propitious moment somewhat of the swelling tide may be conducted to the barren places of life.
Aesop Greek fabulist, c. It is easy to be brave from a safe distance. Afghan Proverb To speak ill of anyone is to speak ill of yourself. African Proverbs Until lions have their historians, tales of the hunt shall always glorify the hunters.
Don't ask me where I am going but where I have come from. If it's not here and now, who cares about what and when? The thrower of stones throws away the strength of his own arm. Amos Bronson Alcott U. Strengthen me by sympathizing with my strength, not my weakness. The true teacher defends his pupils against his own personal influence. He guides their eyes from himself to the spirit that quickens him. He will have no disciple. Louisa May Alcott U. Prejudice comes from being in the dark; sunlight disinfects it.
Tolerance and understanding won't 'trickle down' in our society any more than wealth does. Service to others is the rent you pay for your room here on earth.
I am the part you won't recognize, but get used to me. Black, confident, cocky -- my name, not yours. My religion, not yours. My goals, my own. Get used to me. Only in the frictionless vacuum of a nonexistent abstract world can movement or change occur without that abrasive friction of conflict.
Paula Gunn Allen Dacotah writer and scholar, America does not seem to remember that it derived its wealth, its values, its food, much of its medicine, and a large part of its "dream" from Native Americans. Indians think it is important to remember, while Americans believe it is important to forget. Isabel Allende Chilean author, How can one not speak about war, poverty, and inequality when people who suffer from these afflictions don't have a voice to speak?
Henri Amiel Swiss poet and philosopher, We are always making God our accomplice so that we may legalize our own inequities.
Righteous ends, thus approved, absolve of guilt the most violent means. The Midwesterner in Kansas, the black American in Durham - both are certain they are the real American.
We are all creative, but by the time we are three of four years old, someone has knocked the creativity out of us.
Some people shut up the kids who start to tell stories. Kids dance in their cribs, but someone will insist they sit still. By the time the creative people are ten or twelve, they want to be like everyone else. The plague of racism is insidious, entering into our minds as smoothly and quietly and invisibly as floating airborne microbes enter into our bodies to find lifelong purchase in our bloodstreams.
The need for change bulldozed a road down the center of my mind. If I could give you one thought, it would be to lift someone up. Lift a stranger up--lift her up. I would ask you, mother and father, brother and sister, lovers, mother and daughter, father and son, lift someone. The very idea of lifting someone up will lift you, as well. There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you.
The white American man makes the white American woman maybe not superfluous but just a little kind of decoration. Not really important to turning around the wheels of the state.
Well the black American woman has never been able to feel that way. No black American man at any time in our history in the United States has been able to feel that he didn't need that black woman right against him, shoulder to shoulder--in that cotton field, on the auction block, in the ghetto, wherever. Join the union, girls, and together say Equal Pay for Equal Work. The religious persecution of the ages has been done under what was claimed to be the command of God.
I both blind them with my beak nose and am their blind spot. But I exist, we exist. They'd like to think I have melted in the pot. I am playing with my Self, I am playing with the world's soul, I am the dialogue between my Self and el espiritu del mundo. I change myself, I change the world. The struggle is inner: Chicano, indio, American Indian, mojado, mexicano, immigrant Latino, Anglo in power, working class Anglo, Black, Asian--our psyches resemble the bordertowns and are populated by the same people.
The struggle has always been inner, and is played out in outer terrains. Awareness of our situation must come before inner changes, which in turn come before changes in society. Nothing happens in the "real" world unless it first happens in the images in our heads. Living on borders and in margins, keeping intact one's shifting and multiple identity and integrity, is like trying to swim in a new element, an "alien" element.
Corazon Aquino Filipina politician, Reconciliation should be accompanied by justice, otherwise it will not last. While we all hope for peace it shouldn't be peace at any cost but peace based on principle, on justice. Arabian Proverb The benefits you get become the debts you owe to others.
Doubt is the key to all knowledge. Ask me what are my virtues, not about the color of my skin. Surely the pages of history are replete and the examples in many a foreign country convincing that this kind of church-state union--whatever the original motives, or however noble the original purposes--winds up with a state that is less than stable and a church that is less than sanctified, and with the poor still hungry.
Hannah Arendt German-born U. Education is the point at which we decide whether we love the world enough to assume responsibility for it and by the same token to save it from that ruin, which, except for renewal, except for the coming of the new and the young, would be inevitable. An education, too, is where we decide whether we love our children enough not to expel them from our world and leave them to their own devices, nor to strike from their hands their choice of undertaking something new, something unforseen by us, but to prepare them in advance for the task of renewing a common world.
Man's chief moral deficiency appears to be not his indiscretions but his reticence. As citizens, we must prevent wrongdoing because the world in which we all live, wrong-doer, wrong sufferer and spectator, is at stake.
Aristotle Greek philosopher, B. They who are to be judges must also be performers. It is easy to perform a good action, but not easy to acquire a settled habit of performing such actions. Teaching is the highest form of understanding. If liberty and equality, as is thought by some, are chiefly to be found in democracy, they will be best attained when all persons alike share in the government to the utmost. To be conscious that we are perceiving or thinking is to be conscious of our own existence.
Democracy arises out of the notion that those who are equal in any respect are equal in all respects; because men are equally free, they claim to be absolutely equal.
One must learn by doing the thing, for though you think you know it, you have no certainty until you try. Matthew Arnold English essayist and poet, Choose equality.
Inequality has the natural and necessary effect, under the present circumstances, of materializing our upper class, vulgarizing our middle class, and brutalizing our lower class. I don't belong anywhere. It's like I'm floating down the middle. I'm never quite sure where I am. Mary Astell English philosopher, Fetters of gold are still fetters, and the softest lining can never make them so easy as liberty.
Mary Astor American actress, Real education should educate us out of self into something far finer - into selflessness which links us to all humanity. Since life is growth and motion, a fixed point of view kills anybody who has one. People everywhere enjoy believing things that they know are not true. It spares them the ordeal of thinking for themselves and taking responsibility for what they know. I have no objections to churches so long as they do not interfere with God's work.
Let there be no other differences between human beings than those of age and sex. Since all have the same needs and the same faculties, let there be one education for all, one food for all. Francis Bacon English philosopher, Truth can never be reached by just listening to the voice of an authority. If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts, he shall end in certainties.
You can only decide how you're going to live. Walter Bagehot English economist, A schoolmaster should have an atmosphere of awe, and walk wonderingly, as if he was amazed at being himself.
Bakunin Russian revolutionist and anarchist, If there be a human being who is freer than I, then I shall necessarily become his slave. If I am freer than any other, then he will become my slave. Therefore equality is an absolutely necessary condition of freedom. It clearly follows that to make men moral it is necessary to make their social environment moral. And that can be done in only one way; by assuring the triumph of justice, that is, the complete liberty of everyone in the most perfect equality for all.
Inequality of conditions and rights, and the resulting lack of liberty for all, is the great collective iniquity begetting all individual iniquities. I am truly free only when all human beings, men and women, are equally free. The freedom of other men, far from negating or limiting my freedom, is, on the contrary, its necessary premise and confirmation. I want American history taught.
Unless I'm in that book, you're not in it either. History is not a procession of illustrious people. It's about what happens to a people. Millions of anonymous people is what history is about.
In order to have a conversation with someone you must reveal yourself. A child cannot be taught by anyone who despises him, and a child cannot afford to be fooled. The white man discovered the Cross by way of the Bible, but the black man discovered the Bible by way of the Cross.
Our dehumanization of the Negro then is indivisible from our dehumanization of ourselves; the loss of our own identity is the price we pay for our annulment of his. Not only was I not born to be a slave; I was not born to hope to become the equal of the slave master.
If we--and now I mean the relatively conscious whites and the relatively conscious blacks, who must, like lovers, insist on, or create the consciousness of others--do not falter in our duty now, we may be able, handful that we are, to end the racial nightmare, and achieve our country, and change the history of the world. People who shut their eyes to reality simply invite their own destruction, and anyone who insists on remaining in a state of innocence long after that innocence is dead turns himself into a monster.
Children have never been very good at listening to their elders, but they have never failed to imitate them. The making of an American begins at the point where he himself rejects all other ties, any other history, and himself adopts the vesture of his adopted land. There is never time in the future in which we will work out our salvation.
The challenge is in the movement, the time is always now. Any honest examination of the national life proves how far we are from the standard of human freedom with which we began. The recovery of this standard demands of everyone who loves this country a hard look at himself, for the greatest achievements must begin somewhere, and they always begin with the person.
One had the choice, either of "acting just like a nigger" or of not acting just like a nigger--and only those who have tried it know how impossible it is to tell the difference. Hatred, which could destroy so much, never failed to destroy the man who hated and this was an immutable law. Anyone who has ever struggled with poverty knows how extremely expensive it is to be poor. The questions which one asks oneself begin, at last, to illuminate the world, and become one's key to the experience of others.
It is a very grave matter to be forced to imitate a people for whom you know--which is the price of your performance and survival--you do not exist. It is hard to imitate a people whose existence appears, mainly, to be made tolerable by their bottomless gratitude that they are not, thank heaven, you. What passes for identity in America is a series of myths about one's heroic ancestors.
It's astounding to me, for example, that so many people really appear to believe that the country was founded by a band of heroes who wanted to be free. His documented ancestry goes back four generations from his father, John Speir, to his ancestor James Speir, who was born in Virginia in about The Speirs moved to Alabama where George may have grown up. The name of George W. They had one daughter, Mariam. There are indications that George Speir may have been in Texas as early as ; that he may have come to Texas, looked around and went back to Alabama.
In February , he was here with his wife, Rebecca, and his daughter, Mariam. He was quickly assigned responsibilities adding to the legend that he had been here at an earlier date.
On February 8, , he appeared in San Felipe de Austin with a land claim to be audited. Speir may have also been a land commissioner in Mina County, and when Fayette County was organized, he was re-elected to that position. Note from the library in Columbus, TX, November 9, Speir enlisted for 31 days in December He came back home to what is now Fayette County.
Speer was helping women and children cross the flooded Colorado River. Speir had considerable holdings of land in Travis, Bastrop, Fayette and surrounding counties. The western part of Austin lies on the league of land he owned in Travis County. Speir died on December 29, Speir, his wife, Rebecca, and his daughter, Mariam, are buried beside him.
In , a new tombstone was placed on his grave suitable for the placement of three medallions from The Daughters of the Republic of Texas DRT. On November 4, , George W. The Estate of George W. Speir, Case 7, Fayette County, states that his only heirs were his wife and daughter. Case 7 is the first case mentioned in the Fayette County Probate records.
Cases may be found elsewhere. Gifford White in his Citizens of Texas, Vol. John Wesley Scallorn was the administrator. Those of us who are still living and are founding members are often asked to write some of our life story. Louis, MO in The Ellinger lodge No.
Our monthly dues began to rise, and our crops were small due to the boll weevil, so some of us started seeking new members for the new organization of SPJST.
In addition to rising premiums, two other reasons for the breakaway of the Texas CSPS lodges were the developments in of a new Roman Catholic fraternal benefit society, the KJT, founded in Moravan Hostyn , and the Sons of Hermann founded by the Germans of Texas, which also was a breakaway from the national organization. Those developments helped some of the Czechs insured by CSPS to decide that they too could organize a new fraternal society.
Those who worked most were J. Gallia, Augustin Haidusek, and others who I no longer remember. At that time, I was a member of a lodge of the CSPS in Ellinger, where we held our meetings on Saturday nights, because some of our members were business men. In those days, the people from the farm went to town on Saturdays. Thus Kubena had a few members assured. I do not remember who all joined that day, but there is a record of them somewhere.
Chupik, and that we have accepted the name unanimously. I read somewhere that Gallia was the president of the first lodge, but I have never seen Gallia in Fayetteville. Kubena was president of the Fayetteville lodge, and he was succeeded by Krenek. Slavik was secretary for a few years. I cannot think of the names of the other officers, but again I am sure they are all recorded in the books kept at that time.
The first officers of Lodge No. I will also write something about my own life. I came to America in with my father, my stepmother and two stepbrothers. I was born in Jablonec, Moravia. At that time, there were no trains through Jablonec to Vsetin, so we had to make a long trip before we reached the station to get on the train.
I was 17 years old then. From our old country, everyone who came at that time came to Ellinger to the Hruska family.
We really came to the Thomas Novosads who were renting from the Hruskas. They came to America before the Civil War. My father paid for my journey, but I had to work off that debt.
I worked at my brother-in-law, Thomas Novosad. My father was Josef Husak. I do not know how she got to Jablonec in Valachia. I do not remember in which year it was, but Thomas Novosad bought a farm near Fayetteville, and I was working for him. The Trampota family lived nearby, and they also had come from Jablonec. Trampota came from the Palacky family, who came from Hodslavice in Moravia.
They had a daughter, Anna, who was eight years younger than I was. I married her in We rented near Fayetteville for about 15 years, and in , we moved to West, Texas, where we rented from Ignac Hutyra for four years.
Then we bought a little farm about three miles west of West. In , we sold the farm to our son, because we could not work it anymore, and we still live in a small house near our son on the farm. We raised six good children, one died at birth. Albina is married to Tony Koval. Anna is way out in Virginia, married to Jan Lastovica. That is how it is. Children grow up, and then they are all over the world. Each one follows his livelihood, and all have started their own households, but all care about us with sincere love.
I must also say something about my wife. She was also born in Jablonec. The Trampota family went to America two years earlier than we, the Husaks.
John Havlik came to Jablonec at that time from America. The Trampotas were his uncle and aunt. When John Havlik came to Jablonec, he had to hide somewhat to keep from being imprisoned for trying to get people to move to America. The Trampotas had to go to their uncle in Frenstat Moravia first and from there by wagon to Studenka, where they could get on the train. It was pretty hard to prepare to go to America at that time, but the whole Trampota family came and with them was also Josef Mikolas, a brother-in-law of grandmother Hruska.
So all of them came to Hruskas two years ahead of us. Our beginnings here in America were not so good. To plant corn, the seed had to be dropped by hand, and cotton the same way. There was only a plow to work up the land and a cotton hoe to cultivate the field with.
Today, women seldom go to the field. Then everyone who was healthy had to go in the field. So, brother editor, if you can pick up anything from this writing, then set it up so that the readers might find out something about the early founding members. We are on the earth only as visitors now. I was 87 years old on March 20th, and my wife was 79 on February 3rd. This is a pretty good age, but we are taking care of ourselves and are satisfied.
The 61 years we spent together were not all bliss, but also some grief. But that is the fate of man. My mother died when I was three years old, but I received a faithful life companion with whom I lived many years. His citizenship was approved on July 22, The elder Stanzels came to America sometime after On December 5, , Rosina Guenther, with her five children, came to America and traveled to High Hill by covered wagon.
In , Rosina married Karl Blaschke, Sr. They had five children: Carolina, Rosalia, Karl, Jr. In , Karl Blaschke, Sr. After a short courtship, Franz Stanzel, Jr. Victor, Joseph and Reinhart Stanzel.
Three landowners seized the opportunity: Peirce accepted the trade. Franz Stanzel had acres, Christian Baumgarten had 30 acres and Louis Schulenburg had acres of which about 83 acres were used for the township. As a result, Col. In addition, there were three additional land owners north of town who traded also: W pg , 24 Jan.
The acre area: Franz and Rosina also gave four acres to St. Rose of Lima Church for the church to be built. Visitors are welcome to visit the museums and view the balsa wood models and space-age amusement rides, from replicas spanning World War I to the Space Shuttle, and relive the magic that earned the grandsons of Franz and Rosina Stanzel a stratospheric reputation in model aircraft excellence.
April 15, Died: January 4, Landed in New Orleans: November 25, Citizenship approved: July 22, Buried: Rose Cemetery, Schulenburg, TX. What is the secret to longevity? Joseph Sykora of Fayette County, who lived to be years old, had no answer when asked that question. According to certain standards, his lifestyle would not have been considered conducive to longevity. He smoked a pipe, worked outside in the sun for decades and ate a diet high in fat and sodium.
Sykora, the son of Josef S. He immigrated to the United States in December at the age of 18, arriving in the port of Baltimore. Being a young man far from home without his family and having to work long hours, he soon became very homesick. Ironically, on the same day that he went into Ellinger to mail a letter telling his parents that he was returning home, he found a letter from his parents announcing that they were coming to Texas.
He was sick at heart, because he really wanted to go back home. But being a dutiful son, he stayed, and his parents came to Texas, along with his younger sister, Marianna. He never went back to Moravia. Sadly, his mother died a year after arriving in Texas. She had immigrated to Texas with her cousins in Joseph and Katherine obviously knew one another prior to immigration, because their village of origin was very small. They very possibly corresponded with one another, and Joseph may have convinced her to travel to Texas with her cousins, leaving her immediate family behind.
Sykora lived with his son, Joseph, and daughter-in-law, until his death in Joseph and Katherine had five daughters: The couple worked hard and saved their money and eventually were able to purchase acres of land with a house in from William and August Treybig on what is now Sykora Road off of FM in the Fayetteville area. This is where they farmed and reared their daughters. Joseph lived in that same house for 64 years. Their lifestyle was no different than any other Texas Czech farm family at the time.
They raised their own provisions, attended church, were helpful neighbors and generally tended to their own business. They had few material possessions, but had a love for their family and their land. Katherine Sykora died in and was buried in the Fayetteville Catholic Cemetery.
Joseph retired from farming in at the age of At that time, he sold acres of his farm. Although their home was simply furnished, it was always neat and clean.
At that time, he enjoyed listening to his old radio and having his daughters read to him, especially The Record and the Novy Domov , a Czech language newspaper. He still smoked his pipe, dozed in the sun and enjoyed his favorite meal of pork and sauerkraut. Having his daughters translate for him, he said that he enjoyed life, although he admitted that years ago, work was very difficult.
He wondered why God left him here for so long? Joseph Sykora died on June 2, , leaving his farm to his three living daughters. He had the distinction of being the oldest Czech American at that time.
Anna and Mary left the farm and moved to Dallas to live with their widowed younger sister, Lillian Keith. Both Anna and Mary died in , less than four months apart.
Lillian died shortly thereafter in early The farm was eventually sold, but their old home built in circa is still standing.
That may be the secret to longevity! Waldine Amanda Tauch was born in Schulenburg on January 28, Her father was the local photographer, William Tauch. She was a bright and curious child. When she was seven years old she saw a carved ivory bookmarker from Germany and fell in love with it.
She acquired chalk from her teacher and proceeded to create the same intricate piece of artwork. She was encouraged by her family and friends to do more of the same carving in chalk and soap.
Waldine and her family moved to Brady, Texas. Her talent was discovered by the Brady Tuesday Study Club and they voted to sponsor the young girl and help her develop her talent. He had been dubious about female students and exacted a promise from her that she would give up marriage and family so that she could give her complete devotion to art.
This was a radical view in , even for a determined young woman. She never broke this promise to Coppini. And it is said that she never regretted devoting her life to creative work. When the Brady Tuesday Study Club could no longer afford to pay for her education Coppini and his wife taught her for free and raised her as a foster daughter in their home. Waldine developed a natural style that led her to sculpt public monuments and heroic figures.
Her first public commission was a bas-relief for the Brownwood Library. Waldine and Coppini together founded the Academy of Fine Arts to discuss and exhibit art in museums and galleries throughout the state. She received an honorary doctorate of fine arts from Howard Payne University in She contributed statutes to many famous institutions around the state.
Waldine continued to sculpt until her eyesight began to fail her in her eighties. She died in San Antonio on March 31, and was buried in the same plot as Coppini and his wife. In the economic system founded on the cash crop value of cotton, the sharing of production was a common factor. The tenancy rate in Fayette County was high in the early twentieth century, and many families depended on a sort of crop-lien system that benefited both the farmer and the landowner, although with severe limitations for both.
The common system for farmers who had their own equipment, which was mostly, horse drawn, was to share one-third of the corn crops and one-fourth of the cotton crops with the landlord.
This was referred to as farming on the third and fourth. For those families who could not afford basic equipment, teams and seed, furnished only their labor, relying on the generosity of the landlord. For them, farming on the halves was the standard. Both types of renters were furnished a very simple frame house to live in and some barn and storage of feed and shelter for the work animals. The third and fourth renter was allowed a small pasture to keep a couple of milk cows for home consumption of milk and beef.
The tenant usually raised a few hogs and chickens and was allowed a garden plot to raise vegetables for family use. The tenant usually cultivated from 40 to 75 acres, depending on the size of his family labor force.
Oral rental agreements were a one-year term, renewed in the spring, for the following year. In this type of economic system, it was difficult, if not impossible for families to move up to land ownership.
They were constantly in debt to the landlord or their limited percentage of the crop kept them from saving necessary funds for land purchase. There was little economic distinction among farm families, although those who farmed on the halves were considered at the bottom of the system, and those who owned land were considered near the top. Relatively little in terms of cash wealth, however, separated the two.
The elite, such as they were, was the store owners and gin operators. In the cotton culture of the area, they controlled the flow of money. Gin workers cut samples from each bale and the buyer, usually the storeowner, graded it according to fiber length and strength, as well as the amount of dirt and debris it contained. The cotton was graded: The buyer would pay the farmer figuring the weight and grade of the bale and subtract the ginning fee.
Any merchandise bought on credit during the year would be subtracted. Oftentimes the tenant farmer did not realize any cash until after the second bale was sold. Credit was the lifeline of the payment system. When credit failed, like through drought or storms causing low crop yields, foreclosure often followed.
As a result, the area cotton brokers and storeowners frequently became large landowners and real estate brokers as well. This is not to imply that the storeowners were indifferent to difficult times. They really wanted their customers, neighbors and friends to pull through rough times and be able to continue farming. Tonkawa mythology gives their place of origin as Red Hill or La Tortuga the turtle.
Native Americans are categorized more by linguistic traits than by blood. The Tonkawan linguistic family was once composed of twelve small tribes that lived in a region that extended west from south central Texas and western Oklahoma to eastern New Mexico.
Life on the plains required a nomadic lifestyle following the buffalo herds and the changing of the seasons. Due to the changing weather patterns affecting the lifestyles of all Plains tribes, the Tonkawa returned to Central Texas in the late s. They acted as scouts for the early militia units that later became known as the Texas Rangers.
In , the tribe was removed to a remote, desolate location on the upper Brazos River. The few Anglos settlers there resented this and any Indian depredation by the Comanche from the plains was blamed on the Tonkawa. After one raid, a Tonkawa hunting party that was legally off the reservation trying to find food was murdered in their sleep by the Anglos.
The Confederate government then moved them to southwestern Oklahoma in No sooner than they had make camp in Fort Griffin, near Cisco, they were loaded on a train and shipped back to Oklahoma. A child born on the train was named Railroad Cisco. When the railroad ended near Oklahoma City, the tribe spent a winter on the prairie with little shelter.
In the spring, they were then marched to near Fort Oakland, a hundred miles north of Oklahoma City. The original Tonkawa reservation, established in , was 91, acres which was previously the home of the Nez Pierce, who had been relocated from Idaho and Wyoming.
As the need for land for white settlers increased, the U. The tribe legally organized in under Chief John Rush Buffalo in order to protect their land.
They still maintain their culture though specific dances and tribal pow-wows. An enterprising young man, Timmons began practicing law, although it is not known where he acquired the knowledge to do so.
In addition, he used his military education to do surveying for the state boundary commission and also taught mathematics at the Texas Military Institute in Rutersville. Timmons began his military career during the Civil War as a first lieutenant in Co. This regiment disbanded after only six months of service, but during that time, Timmons was promoted to captain, obviously because of his leadership skills. Within a few months, Timmons was promoted to lieutenant colonel and given command of the First Infantry Batallion.
In October, , the infantry companies of the legion were transferred to Mississippi and reorganized into two battalions of six companies each. After 47 days of courageous fighting, Vicksburg fell into the hands of the Union Army on July 4, According to an earlier agreement between the Union and Confederacy, prisoners of war could be paroled and then returned to their own side where they would refrain from military activities until they were officially exchanged.
Timmons and his men received their paroles on July 9, Officially, the Confederate soldiers were supposed to head east towards Demopolis, Alabama, where they were to await exchange.
Unofficially, many soldiers deserted en masse and returned to their families and farms. The legion was reorganized in Houston in the fall of and was assigned to duty protecting the Texas coast in the region of Galveston until the unit was officially discharged on May 5, Timmons then returned to La Grange, where he resumed his law career, partnering with Joseph Brown. The census shows that he was a lawyer living alone, but by the census, he was married to Debra Gault of Kentucky.
The couple had no children. Unfortunately, Timmons acquired tuberculosis, which ended his life at age 49 on June 17, at his home in La Grange. His wife died in The Timmons and Brown law firm continued to carry his name into the s.
Although Barnard Timmons only lived in Fayette County less than 30 years and left no descendants, his name is linked to Fayette County in the historical accounts of the Civil War, where he is recognized for his significant role in defending Vicksburg during a long, infamous siege.
The real shooting was done by Elizabeth Servaty Plinky Toepperwein. In a career lasting 40 years, the duo shot while standing on their heads just as easily as lying on their backs. Plinky could shoot marbles, metal discs, apples, oranges, and eggs thrown into the air.
While trapshooting was her main interest, she was equally proficient with rifle, pistol, and shotgun. Flatonia hosted two shooting exhibitions by Mr. Adolph Topperwein—one in and the other on the afternoon of May 10, at a vacant lot east of the Bludworth residence.
The couple used Winchester ammunition and guns provided by their sponsor. Toepperwein was anglicized from the German spelling to Topperwein. Plinky was the first woman in the United States to qualify as a national marksman with the military rifle and the first woman to break straight targets at trapshooting, a feat she repeated more than times, often with a twelve-gauge Winchester model 97 pump gun.
She also held the world endurance trapshooting record of 1, of 2, targets in five hours and twenty minutes. The clock did not stop ticking during the time needed to cool the gun barrel by pouring ice water over it.
Plinky passed away at her home in San Antonio, Texas on January 27, On that day in as she stood on that vacant lot in Flatonia, Plinky could not. Elizabeth Toepperwein would always be known as an extension of her husband.
She was inducted in the Trapshooter Hall of Fame in as Mrs. Fayette County was inhabited by many cultures in the last ten thousand years. Upon the arrival of the Anglo settlers in the s, the Tonkawa was the primary culture in this area. The Tonkawa tribe arrived in Central Texas in the late s. Originally a Plains tribe, the Tonkawa was driven from their lands by the Apache. The Spanish attempted to convert them by erecting three missions on the San Gabriel River, west of Rockdale, in This venture failed after many Tonkawa died from disease and Apache raids.
For the next several decades, the Tonkawa periodically raided the Spanish settlements. Austin's colonists were met cordially by the Tonkawa who sided with them against the aggressive Comanche.
After a meeting with General Burleson at Bastrop, Chief Placido and his band of "Tonquaways" trotted nonstop along side the Texian's horses for thirty miles to the Plum Creek battle site, where the Tonkawa helped defeat the Comanche raiders.
The Tonkawa were scouts and soldiers for Texas and later the United States. In the s, Texas set up a reservation for the Tonkawa on the upper Brazos River. The local settlers, distraught over recent Indian raids attacked the reservation and killed many of the innocent Tonkawa. In , they were removed to Indian Territory Oklahoma. When the Civil War began, U. The survivors returned to Texas and settled on the upper Brazos, near Fort Griffin where they served as scouts for the U.
Army during the Indian wars. After Fort Griffin closed they returned to Indian Territory to settle on a tract of land listed in Texas public record as thousands of acres of "natural, hunting land for all times. Today, less than fifteen families live on the reservation.
Dancy left his home in Tennessee and set out for Texas in November He kept a detailed diary of his life and travels for more than 20 years. He promptly purchased acres of land and just as promptly left on his way to more adventure. He traveled all over the place, as far as Alabama, before returning to Fayette County almost a year later.
Never one to stay put for very long, he was soon on the road again and in July of , he relates this story: When I was introduced to the ladies I observed that Miss Trask had a Bowie knife swung round her waist by a handkerchief and that Miss Evans had a pistol in her belt. Their appearance was too masculine for the gentler sex.
We traveled six or eight miles farther and camped by a clear pool in the prairie. We slept on the open prairie. Undeterred by this news, the group continued on to San Antonio, arriving there three days later. They visited with the Sam Maverick family, and Mary Maverick noted in her diary that they were all, ladies included, on horseback and armed with pistols and bowie knives.
She rode with them to the head of the San Antonio River where they viewed the lovely valley below. She was certain that Indians watched their every move from the river bottom. The sight of two sufficiently armed and apparently fearless women riding sidesaddle while properly attired in long skirts and full petticoats, and who had no qualms about sleeping on the open prairies amongst Indian prowlers must have caused quite a stir all along the road to San Antonio.
They were no shrinking violets. Hannah Marie Evans was raised by her father and four brothers after her mother died while she was still a little girl. Frances Trask was a 32 year old single woman who had come to Texas with the Dix family in Miss Trask was a proper schoolteacher, but was also known to be one of the best shots in the country and could ride a horse better than many men.
Louis and San Francisco were not the only places where goods were being imported in the first half of the 20 th century.
There actually were European goods being imported into Fayette County from the s through the s, even when the Depression had eliminated the purchasing power of most Americans. As unusual as it seems, Joseph Vasut owned and operated a successful retail store in Schulenburg, Texas that provided a wide variety of useful and unique items, many of them from Europe, especially Czechoslovakia, which had become quite entrepreneurial after its creation as a new country at the end of WWI.
For the local German and Czech customers, finding items from their homelands not only fulfilled their needs, but also provided a connection to their heritage and customs. Where else could one find poppy seed grinders and long-stemmed pipes from Czechoslovakia, or specialty knives and cigarette cases from Germany? No immigration records for him can be found, however.
Nevertheless, he made his way to San Francisco, where he survived the devastating earthquake in , and supposedly later helped with the clean-up.
He traveled back to Moravia in to visit his family and brought his younger brother, Frank, back with him to California. Herzik and a Mr. Wolters, both of Schulenburg, Texas. A family member states that it was the World Fair; however, a WWI Draft Registration card for Joseph, dated in June, , shows that he was already living in Schulenburg at that time. During their visit together at the fair, Mr. Herzik encouraged Joseph to move to Schulenburg, Texas, perhaps because there was a large population of Czechs and Germans living in Fayette County, and Mr.
Herzik felt that he could capitalize on that market with a store that would provide unique, ethnic items that would appeal to both groups. The Federal Census, taken in January of that year, lists Joseph as single, having immigrated in , a dry goods salesman and living in Schulenburg, Texas as a boarder with Frank A.
Bezecny, age 42, an automobile salesman; his wife Frances, age 34; their foster child, Emilie Vacek, age 6, who was later adopted by the Bezecnys; and another boarder, Cyril M. Havel, age 34, a beverage salesman. They lived in Oakland, California across the bay from San Francisco. By , Frank owned an automotive garage, and by , he manufactured sheet metal fenders.
When Anna became a naturalized citizen in , she changed her name from Vashut back to Vasut. Wolters, after arriving in Schulenburg, sometime before June, He apparently had to work elsewhere prior to his new business venture in order to acquire enough money to become a partner. Jediny ryze cesky obchod na jihu The only true Czech business in the south. In addition to visiting family and friends in Czechoslovakia, he may have made contacts with exporters. In addition to those previously mentioned, some other interesting items included table linens and house shoes from Czechoslovakia, plus a large variety of musical instruments from Germany, Czechoslovakia and New York.
There were Tarock cards from Germany; prayer books, rosaries and calendars from New York; and metal cemetery wreaths from Philadelphia. A large shipment of themed clocks with pictures of doves, fountains, dancers and garden scenes were shipped from Plzen, Czechoslovakia in Interestingly, there were annual shipments of beer-making supplies, including siphons, tubing, crown caps, malt, barley, hops and pear extracts from Nebraska, Chicago and San Antonio, as well as beer glasses and liquor bottles.
They even sold novelties such as buzzers, rubber cigarettes, shooting fountain pens and toothless combs. In spite of the large shipments of house shoes being shipped to their store, Joseph and Mr.
Herzik also made slippers out of felt, to be worn indoors or out, because those were the depression years, and money needed to be saved. Joseph had learned that skill in Moravia and left a huge inventory of shoe molds in his garage, which validated their shoemaking efforts. It has been documented that a customer thought that the slippers were too expensive and asked to purchase them for half price, so Joseph accommodated him.
When the customer got home, he discovered that he only had one shoe. The partnership between Herzik and Vasut ended sometime between June, , when an invoice for crystal crucifix candlesticks was still addressed to Herzik and Vasut, and November, , when Joseph Vasut and Co.
After the two men dissolved their partnership, Joseph Vasut continued in the same line of business, importing goods for his own store, which was located in a smaller space behind the original Herzik and Vasut store. Alfons Herzik remained in the large store on Main Street, where he operated a combination clothing and general mercantile store. In addition to some of the items mentioned above, Joseph also ordered sickles and scythes that were manufactured in Brno, Czechoslovakia and blank records.
He also sold religious artworks, Czech china and dishes, plus round tin and glass boxes with artificial flowers for graves. Sometime between to, Joseph sold his store and became an outside salesman, wholesaling his products to various stores in the area. His son, Joe, recalls that his father had a series of strokes after They would visit hardware stores where his father sold poppy seed grinders, household utensils, knives, hand sickles, corn cob and briar smoking pipes, Tarock cards, ornately decorated calendars with business advertisements, Bohemian Christmas cards, accordions and harmonicas.
According to his son, Joseph possibly acquired the movies from a U. More than likely, Joseph was not able to continue his movie business during the war due to the lack of supply of new movies, as well as the fact that half of his audience was off fighting in the war.
Also with gas rationing and a shortage of automobile tires, people were driving their cars as infrequently as possible. Another invoice from the same Czechoslovakian company in was addressed:
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