Thursday, 18 August 2016
Security Warning - Nemucod now spreading banking trojans
ESET researchers noticed a huge outbreak of a new Spy.Banker variant, detected as Spy.Banker.ADEA. Nemucod has in the past been one of the most detected types of malware in Ireland.
On the morning of Friday August 12th, at around 12pm CET this new variant was spotted in Brazil. Similar to previous ones used by other banking trojans in South America, during execution, the malware checks if the system’s settings are in Portuguese and proceeds with the injection of the banker’s payload.
The banking trojan spreads along with two modified versions of a popular utility software, which are used to extract usernames and passwords from browsers (Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Opera), as well as credentials for local email clients like Outlook. For that, it uses emails with attached files that contain a variant of JS/Danger.ScriptAttachment, whose purpose is to download and execute other malware in the system.
JS/Danger.ScriptAttachment is the signature under which ESET detects some variants of the popular trojan downloader Nemucod. Trojan downloaders are used to spread several types of malware, including ransomware and now, on a massive scale in Brazil, banking trojans; they are also used for fraud.
Nemucod was particularly related to ransomware propagation, although we recently detected its use serving an ad-clicking backdoor.
Among the top threats in Brazil during July, trojan downloaders came in first place. As forSpy.Banker.ADEA, the banker downloaded by Nemucod, Brazil stands as the main target, but as with all malware, it is only a matter of time, before it is spotted globally.
How to protect yourself?
As we explained in previous articles about this threat, staying safe has a lot to do with file extension blocking and identifying, so emails with .EXE, *.BAT, *.CMD, *.SCR, and *.JS attachments should be blocked. We also advise setting the system to show full extensions, to avoid dual extension spoofing cases and, naturally, use a reliable security solution.